crime&deviance - traditional marxism

  • Created by: lilyodell
  • Created on: 05-11-18 12:31
what is criminogenic capitalism?
this is the idea that capitalism creates a situation where people are forced into committing crimes
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why might the exploitation of the proletariat be damaging and might give rise to crime?
poverty may mean that crime is the only way the proletariat can survive
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what is the second way the expliotation of the proletariat is damaging and may give rise to crime?
crime may be the only way they can obtain the consumer goods encouraged by capitalists. Advertising= utilitarian crimes such as thefts
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what is the third way the expliotation of the proletariat is damaging and may give rise to crime?
alienation and lack of control over their lives may lead to frustration/aggression,resulting in non-utilitarian crimes such as violence and vandalism
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what does the need to win encourage?
white collar crime and corporate crime
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what does David Gordon argue?
argues crime is a rational response to the capitalist system and is found in all social classes
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who makes the laws?
the bourgeoisie make the laws, to protect themselves
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what is selective law enforcement?
Marxists believe that the law is not applied equally to all but instead selectively enforced
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what is the first reason for selective law enforcement?
certain types of crime are more likely to be dealt with more rigorously than others
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for example?
street crimes such as assault and theft are more likely to be pursued by the police than much white collar crime such as fraud in the city.
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what is the second reason for selective law enforcement?
certain groups in the population are more likely to be on the receiving ends of policing
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for example?
inner city areas have many more police on patrol than others. As crime is regarded as most common among the w/c, the young the blacks, there is much greater police presence among these areas
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what is the first main way selective law enforcement benefits the bourgeoisie?
punishing w/c individuals protects the system which is responsible for their deviance
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what is the second main way selective law enforcement benefits the bourgeoisie?
the imprisonment of the w/c effectively neutralises any rebellion to the system
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what is the third main way selective law enforcement benefits the bourgeoisie?
defining criminals as animals and sick. e.g keeping these individuals out of our eye allows us to forget about the social construction needed to solve the problem of crime transformation needed to solve the problem of crime by attacking the root
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what does Gordon argue about selective law enforcement?
argues that selective law enforcement of the law helps to maintain r/c power and reinforce r/c ideology
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what does Chambliss suggest?
acts are only defined as criminal when it is the interests of the r/c to do so
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what does this mean?
crime and deviance is constructed by the r/c to protect them
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what does Chambliss argue?
the laws are there to protect private property are the cornerstone of the capitalist econemy
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what does chambliss argue that r/c have power of?
r/c have power to prevent the introduction of laws that threaten their interests
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what is ideology?
a dominant ideal which determines behaviour and structures society
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what are examples of ideology?
racism, patriarchy and capitalism
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what does crime and law allow for the r/c?
to maintain their position of wealth, power and advantage
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what are the 2 ideological functions of crime and law?
ideological state apparatus and repressive state apparatus
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what is the ideological state apparatus?
reinforces power/class inequalities e.g education
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what is the repressive state apparatus?
to punish, e.g police
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what is the result of the ISA?
the result is a society in which the basic values guiding and action support the capitalist political and economic system, reinforces the power of the r/c
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who is Box?
Box highlighted the success of capitalist organisations in convincing the general public, politicians and media that corporate crime is less serious and less harmful than other types of crime
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what does Box call this?
he calls it mystification, which explains why so few prosecutions are overfilled against capitalist
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what does this mean for official statistics?
they underestimate the extent of corporate and white collar crime more than crime in general
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

why might the exploitation of the proletariat be damaging and might give rise to crime?

Back

poverty may mean that crime is the only way the proletariat can survive

Card 3

Front

what is the second way the expliotation of the proletariat is damaging and may give rise to crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what is the third way the expliotation of the proletariat is damaging and may give rise to crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what does the need to win encourage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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