crime&deviance - labelling theory

  • Created by: lilyodell
  • Created on: 07-11-18 12:04
what does the labelling theory ask?
asks how and why some peoples action are labelled as crime
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what does labelling consider?
the effects of these labels
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what do labelling theorists believe about crime?
crime is the product of interactions between suspects and police rather than a result of blocked opportunity structures
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what is the social construction of crime?
that no act is inherently criminal or deviant in itself, in all situations and at all times
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what is Howard becker interested in?
how and why laws/rules are made
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the suggested moral entrepreneurs, who are these?
people who lead a moral crusade to change the laws
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what is the first effect to the new law that becker suggests?
the creation of a new group of outsiders (deviants who break the new rule
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what is the second effect to the new law that becker suggests?
the creation or expansion of a social control agency to enforce the rule of impose labels on offenders
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what is the labelling process?
1. negative label 2. self concept 3. label reinforced 4. master status 5. deviant career
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2. what is self concept?
how we see ourselves- shaped by recognising how others see us
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3. what is label reinforced?
where the deviant act is punished
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4. what is master status?
labelled as deviant=deviant amplification, this label can become our master status, the main way we think of and identify ourselves
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5. what is the deviant career?
deviant label is accepted and becomes part of their lifestyle
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what did Edwin lemert study?
primary and secondary deviance
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what is primary deviance?
deviant acts that have not been publicly labelled
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what primary deviants see themselves as?
a 'moment of madness' , the do not see themselves as deviant and will easily rationalise them away
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what do primary deviants think about the importance of these acts?
these acts are not part of an organised deviant life and have little significance for the individuals status or self concept
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what is secondary deviance?
this is the result of societal reaction (labelling)
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what does it mean when you are publicly caught being a criminal?
means you feel embarrassed
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what does it mean once you have been labelled?
others may come to see them only as the label
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what does this then lead to?
once they are labelled it comes their 'master status'
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what does this then cause?
a crisis for the individuals self- concept, so they then have to accept the deviant label and see themselves as others do
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what does this lead to?
self fulfilling prophecy
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what is one evaluation for the labelling theory?
it is deterministic, therefore does not state that you can avoid having a negative label
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what is a second evaluation for the labelling theory?
it is only based on what class you come from
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what is a third evaluation for the labelling theory?
fails to explain primary deviance/ why people offend in the first place
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

what does labelling consider?

Back

the effects of these labels

Card 3

Front

what do labelling theorists believe about crime?

Back

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Card 4

Front

what is the social construction of crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what is Howard becker interested in?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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