Crimean War- Reforms

How many royal commissions on army conduct were there from 1856-1868?
17
1 of 41
Why were no reforms taken immediately after the war despite investigations and royal commissions?
The army continued to be successful, and there was a lack of public support as reforms were considered expensive
2 of 41
What event in 1866 caused military reforms to be undertaken?
The 7 week's Austro-Prussian War
3 of 41
What was the role of Nightingale in reform from 1859?
Inspired medical reviews and barracks reform
4 of 41
What was set up to improve officer training?
Staff college in Canterbury
5 of 41
What gun was developed which had 5x the fire rate of standard artillery?
Armstrong gun
6 of 41
Why was the Armstrong gun so much faster than standard artillery?
Breach loading
7 of 41
Why did the high command reject the Armstrong gun?
Faith in smooth bore guns, too expensive
8 of 41
What continued in the army until 1880?
Flogging
9 of 41
What significant committees and reforms were there after the Crimean War in chronological order?
Roebuck Committee, McNeill-Tulloch Report, Peel Commission, Cardwell Reforms
10 of 41
When was the Roebuck Committee set up?
1855
11 of 41
Why was the Roebuck Committee set up?
Demands to investigate supply failure in a private motion by John Roebuck
12 of 41
What were the findings of the Roebuck Committee?
Poor provisions, transport, and hospital care. Summarised that the army wasn't prepared for foreign campaigns
13 of 41
Why was the Roebuck Report dismissed?
Conditions in Crimea had already significantly improved
14 of 41
When was the McNeill-Tulloch report?
1856
15 of 41
What were the findings of the McNeill-Tulloch report?
Raglan's staff and commissary general Filder were criticised
16 of 41
What reduced the impact of the report?
An enquiry after the report absolved all leaders from blame
17 of 41
What did the report lead to?
Reforms in the commissariat in 1858
18 of 41
When was the Peel Commission?
1858
19 of 41
What were the findings of the Peel Commission?
Purchase system created inexperienced officership and incompetency, leading to deaths
20 of 41
What did the Peel Commission find out about the supply issue?
2/3 of essential provisions which were sent to Crimea were lost or stolen. Russians were even using British gunpowder
21 of 41
Why did the Peel Commission lead to reform?
Threat of the Prussian Army after the Austro-Prussian War
22 of 41
When was the Austro-Prussian War?
1866
23 of 41
What reforms did the Peel Commission lead to?
The Cardwell Reforms
24 of 41
Who was Edward Cardwell?
Secretary of State for War
25 of 41
How did Cardwell improve centralisation of command?
Reorganised the War Office, centralised control under himself, made the army answerable to parliament, abolished privately owned units
26 of 41
How did Cardwell improve administration?
Simplified the system, improved communication
27 of 41
What method of recruitment did Cardwell ban?
Recruiting sergeants
28 of 41
How did Cardwell encourage more men to volunteer?
Reduced service times, reduced flogging, increased pay
29 of 41
What were service times reduced to?
Reduced from 21 years to 7 years with 5 years in reserve
30 of 41
What were the theoretical impacts of reduced service times?
Smaller pension lists and more volunteers
31 of 41
What were the real impacts of reduced service times?
Small army as more men left, more pensions collected so army cost more
32 of 41
How did Cardwell spread out roles between different people?
Divided the country into regimental districts
33 of 41
What did each regimental district have?
2 battalions, 2 militia groups, a depot, training facilities, administration of troops and supply
34 of 41
What was the theory for sending battalions overseas?
One battalion from each regimental district to stay at home for defence, one to go on campaign
35 of 41
Why did the theory of sending only one battalion from each regimental district overseas fail?
High death rates on overseas campaigns, limited recruitment
36 of 41
What was overseas service reduced to?
Reduced from 12 years to 6
37 of 41
What was the impact of reducing overseas service?
Reduced elopement
38 of 41
What did Cardwell do to improve the competency of officership?
Abolished the purchased system
39 of 41
Why did the abolition of purchases do little in terms of officers?
Only the rich could afford the lifestyle of an officer
40 of 41
How did Cardwell save money?
Withdrew forces from colonies, rejected the Armstrong gun
41 of 41

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why were no reforms taken immediately after the war despite investigations and royal commissions?

Back

The army continued to be successful, and there was a lack of public support as reforms were considered expensive

Card 3

Front

What event in 1866 caused military reforms to be undertaken?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the role of Nightingale in reform from 1859?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was set up to improve officer training?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all British Experience of Warfare 1790-1918 resources »