Crimean War- Problems in Crimea

What did Newcastle tell Raglan about winter in the Crimea?
Winter would be mild
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What were the main problems for the army in the winter of 1854/55? (4)
Lack of fuel, disease, tent shortage, no winter clothing
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Why couldn't the British use supplies in the Crimea?
Enemy land, so supplies could be poisoned or rigged
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Where did the army get all of their supplies from?
The navy
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What was the name of the commissary general?
William Filder
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When was the 'great storm'?
November 1854
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What happened in the 'Great Storm'? (5)
20 ships lost, winter clothing lost, enough horse fodder for 3 weeks lost, tents blew away, sunken ships became obstacles in Balaklava harbour
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Who was in control of supplies at Balaklava harbour?
Admiral Boxer
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What made Boxer inept at organising the harbour? (2)
No prioritising of perishable or desired goods, randomly piled supplies in warehouses
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Why was it important to prioritise goods at the harbour?
Food and gunpowder could go bad if left out on the harbour
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Why was it important to organise the warehouses?
To prevent corruption and lack of supplies
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Which road did the British have to use after the Battle of Balaklava?
The Kadikoi
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What were the problems with transporting goods on the Kadikoi road?
Thin, muddy, froze over, often flooded
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What problems did the Great Storm create in terms of supply?
Horses died due to lack of fodder, so there were fewer transport horses
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Why couldn't the British back home fix the problems of supply?
Complicated administration
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How were the supply problems solved?
Aberdeen's government replaced with Palmerston, Samuel Peto's railway built, inefficient administrators such as Boxer fired
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When were the supply problems solved?
Spring 1856
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What were Raglan's failings?
Old, never commanded an army, last served at Waterloo, wanted to take supplies from the Crimea, chose Balaklava harbour
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What were Raglan's successes?
Brave, camped at Alma under threat of attack, order to Lucan made sense from his position, concerned about medical/supply situation
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What was the main impact of Raglan's leadership?
He didn't solve supply/medical problems
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What were the medical issues in field hospitals?
Overcrowding, poorly supplied, high death rates, not enough of them
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Who criticised the medical issues in Crimea?
The Times (W.Russell), junior officers
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By the start of 1855, what proportion of the army was deemed fit for service?
1/3
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What event in Crimea brought a larger death toll than any battle?
Winter 1854/55
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When were the medical problems solved?
Spring 1856
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How were the medical problems solved?
Nightingale's work, Sanitary Commission sent to Scutari, improved ventilation and sewerage
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What did lower death rates lead to?
Higher morale
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the main problems for the army in the winter of 1854/55? (4)

Back

Lack of fuel, disease, tent shortage, no winter clothing

Card 3

Front

Why couldn't the British use supplies in the Crimea?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did the army get all of their supplies from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the name of the commissary general?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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