Crime prevention

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  • Created by: Kayleigh
  • Created on: 08-01-15 14:41
What theories are associated with Structuralists?
Subcultural, Marxists and Left Realists.
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What do Structuralists believe the cause of crime is?
It is caused by inequalities in wealth.
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What do structuralists say the only way is to reduce crime?
To address the inequalities in weath.
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What do individualists/interventionists say is the best way to prevent crime? Give an example.
To change the behaviour of 'criminal types'. For example, targeting children from a disadvantaged background.
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What is another way that interventionists believe crime can be prevented?
Prison and community sentences because they discourage other people from committing crimes.
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What does the situational approach say society can use to make it harder for people to commit crimes?
The physical environment.
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Give examples of what sort of physical changes society can make according to the situational approach.
Creating gated communities, putting up more surveillance cameras or improving lighting in streets and car parks.
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What is the zero-tolerance policy?
Most famous in New York. It's where anti-social behaviour is tackled swiftly and strictly.
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What is wrong with the situational approach?
It can be effective but evidence suggests they don't always reduce crime, they just move it to a less well-protected area.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

It is caused by inequalities in wealth.

Back

What do Structuralists believe the cause of crime is?

Card 3

Front

To address the inequalities in weath.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

To change the behaviour of 'criminal types'. For example, targeting children from a disadvantaged background.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Prison and community sentences because they discourage other people from committing crimes.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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