Crime and Punishment Quiz

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What is the name of the ancient legislation that formed the basic principle of Roman Law?
The Twelve Tables
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If someone was robbed in Roman Britain, who would be responsible for collecting the evidence to present in court?
The victim of the crime
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How would a Roman slave be punished if they were convicted of theft?
Execution
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Which 6th century Byzantine Emperor created a Code that recorded and organised Roman Law into a legal system which still underpins our legal system today?
Emperor Justinian
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What is the name of the Anglo-Saxon punishment requiring the payment of money as compensation to the family of someone who was killed or murdered?
Wergeld
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How many men belonged to a ‘tithing’ in Anglo-Saxon times?
10
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Name the types of Anglo-Saxon Trial by Ordeal
Trial by Hot Iron, Trial by Consecrated Bread, Trial by Hot Water, Trial by Cold Water
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Who decided if someone was guilty or innocent following an Anglo-Saxon trial by ordeal?
God
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What was the name of the heavy fine given to a village if someone was found guilty of killing a Norman?
Murdrum
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What is the neck verse?
A passage of the bible which a criminal could memorise in order to claim the benefit of the clergy and be tried by a Church court to escape execution
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What was the Tyburn Tree?
A permanent wooden gallows situated at London’s main place of execution
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Which rule did King Henry II introduce in 1164, to increase his own power and authority, and to reduce the power of the Church courts, which eventually led to the murder of Thomas Becket?
The Constitutions of Clarendon
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What were the followers of John Wyclif known as?
Quakers
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Who did Boudicca and her followers revolt against?
The Romans
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What period was known as the ‘Bloody Code’ due to the large number of crimes which were punishable by execution?
Late 17th Century to Early 19th Century
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What is a ‘sturdy beggar’?
A healthy beggar who was fit and able to work but who begged for a living instead
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What was the official punishment for anyone who tried to overthrow the king or queen between the 14th century and the 18th century?
Hanged, drawn and quartered
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Which English King first made witchcraft an offence which could be punishable by death?
Henry VIII
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What was the name of the book written by King James I in 1597 as a scholarly study of witchcraft?
Daemonalogie
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What is a witches’ familiar?
An animal believed to have been sent by the devil to help the witch perform magic
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How were most witches executed in England?
Hanging
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Who had the title of ‘Thief-Taker General of Great Britain and Ireland’?
Jonathan Wild
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Which term means that a prisoner under arrest has a legal right to be tried before a judge or court?
Habeas corpus
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Why would a woman ‘plead her belly’?
To delay or escape execution on the grounds of being pregnant
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In which year did domestic violence become a crime?
1976
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Who was the last woman to be publicly hanged in Britain?
Frances Kidder - 2nd April 1868 - drowned her stepdaughter
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Who was the last woman to be hanged in Britain?
Ruth Ellis - 13th July 1955 - shot her boyfriend out of jealousy
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In what city did the Peterloo Massacre take place?
Manchester
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Why were the Tolpuddle Martyrs arrested and transported to Australia?
For belonging to a trade union and swearing a secret oath of solidarity
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Approximately how many British criminals were transported to Australia?
160,000
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Which Act of Parliament was introduced by Sir Robert Peel in 1829 to establish the first permanent police force in London?
The Metropolitan Police Act, 1829
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Which religious group objected to war and helped to support conscientious objectors during World War 1 and World War 2?
Quakers
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When was the first murderer convicted using DNA evidence in the UK?
1988
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Which English bank note does prison reformer Elizabeth Fry appear on the back of?
5 pound note
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

If someone was robbed in Roman Britain, who would be responsible for collecting the evidence to present in court?

Back

The victim of the crime

Card 3

Front

How would a Roman slave be punished if they were convicted of theft?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which 6th century Byzantine Emperor created a Code that recorded and organised Roman Law into a legal system which still underpins our legal system today?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the name of the Anglo-Saxon punishment requiring the payment of money as compensation to the family of someone who was killed or murdered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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