Crime and Deviance: Functionalism

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According to Durkheim, how are value consensus and social solidarity achieved?
Socialisation and social control
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What two characteristics does crime have according to Durkheim?
Inevitable and universal
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What are the 4 functions of crime?
Boundary maintenance, adaptation and change, safety valve and warning light
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What does Merton's explanation of crime combine?
structural and cultural factors
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What does deviance result from according to Merton's strain theory?
Strain between goals a culture encourages individuals to aim for and what the structure of society allows them to achieve legitimately
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What are the deviant adaptations to strain?
Conformity, innovators, ritualism, retreatism, rebellion
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What is alternative status hierarchy (Cohen)?
Where boys can achieve status through delinquent actions
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What subcultures do Cloward and Ohlin propose?
Criminal, conflict and retreatist subcultures
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What do Merton, Cohen and Cloward and Ohlin all agree upon?
The idea that deviance results from lower classes' inability to achieve mainstream success goals by legitimate means.
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How do Merton's strain theory and Cloward and Ohlin's subcultural theory differ?
Cloward and Ohlin believe that there is also unequal access to illegitimate opportunity structures.
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How do Merton's strain theory and Cohen's status frustration theory differ?
Cohen's status frustration theory...
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Card 2

Front

What two characteristics does crime have according to Durkheim?

Back

Inevitable and universal

Card 3

Front

What are the 4 functions of crime?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does Merton's explanation of crime combine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does deviance result from according to Merton's strain theory?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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