CRIME PREVENTION

Hood & Sparks, 1992
Self-report study showing bulk of (volume) crime committed by people who ordinarily wouldn't
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C Ray Jeffery
Crime Prevention through Environmental Design
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Jane Jacobs
Natural Surveillance
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Reiner, 2005
Police better deployed focusing on more serious crime hot-spots
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Wilson & Kelling, 1982
Broken Windows Theory. Also Zero Tolerance Policing
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Ronald Clarke, 1992
Situational Crime Prevention is a pre-emptive approach. 25 techniques
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Marcus Felson, 1998
Changing layout of an area, for e.g. area of dimly lit alleys - more street lights to reduce crime
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Newburn, 2013
Points to obvious link between improved car security and reduced car crime
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Garland, 2001
Ignores factors such as inequality and deprivation as causes of crime
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Lyng, 1990
Ignores role of emotion sand thrill as causes of crime
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Bauman
Creates Fortress Cities
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Cohen & Felson, 1979
Routine Activities Theory
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Oscar Newman, 1971
Defensible Space. RESPONSIBILIZATION: giving ownership of space to inhabitants, subdivision of public space into private areas, empowering the local population so that they can realise their commonly held values and lifestyles
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Brantingham and Brantingham, 1982
Crime Pattern Theory
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Rossmo, 1999
Not in my own back yard
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Ekblom, 2001
3 levels of crime prevention: Primary: physical prevention. Secondary: changing the potential offender. Tertiary: reducing recidivism
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Chaiken et al, 1974
Crime displacement in NYC subways
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Williams & Johnstone, 2000:190
SCP: Minor public offences, drunkeness, loitering and noisy interactions are effectively caught by CCTV
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Durkheim
Viewed crime as functional/normal/necessary. Crime omnipresent through time and space. By punishing criminals - society reaffirms its own values. For Durkheim, what constitutes a crime is something culturally relative rather than universal
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

Back

C Ray Jeffery

Card 3

Front

Natural Surveillance

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Police better deployed focusing on more serious crime hot-spots

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Broken Windows Theory. Also Zero Tolerance Policing

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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