Crime And Punishment Keywords

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Capital Punishment
Another name for the death penalty which is done in some American states but not the UK.
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Crime against the person
Illegal actions done towards a person, generally physically. Includes assault, murder, **** and generally more severe.
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Crime against property
Illegal actions done against belongings or property. Include theft, vandalism.
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Crime against the state
Illegal actions done towards the ruling party of a country or area i.e. the government such as selling state secrets or terrorism with political intent. Generally severely punished
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Religious offence
A sin against religious beliefs and may not be illegal but could be offensive to a religious believer. Include idolatry, blasphemy
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Sin
An action which is seen as being wrong in the eyes of a religion such as religious offences and crimes.
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Aims of punishment
Ideals by which punishments are designed so that they are effective as punishment. Include protection, retribution, deterrance, vindication, reparation, reformation
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Protection
An aim of punishment designed to result in public safety by removal of criminals fron the public so they can't commit further crimes
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Retribution
An aim of punishment where the criminal is made to pay back for their crimes. Similar to the religious ideal of 'an eye for an eye'
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Deterrance
An aim of punishment where a punishment of a crime scares other potential criminals so they are less likely to commit the crime. Capital punishment is most effective at this.
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Reparation
An aim of punishment designed to help an offender to put something back into society
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Vindication
An aim of punishment where the law provokes fear and respect in the criminals that have comitted the crime
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Reformation
An aim of punishment where the criminal is changed and apologetic for their crimes as to reduce chance of future crimes. Similar to asking for forgiveness.
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Youth offender
Someone who has committed a crime above the age of criminal responsibility but still seen as young so may be less severely punished and helped to reform such as by reprimands or curfews
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Prison
A punishment which meets the aims of protection and reformation by keeping criminals in seperate institutions from the public and may be educated such as with religious beliefs.
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Parole
The temporary or permanent release of a prisoner before the expiry of a prison sentence, on the promise of good behaviou
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Electronic tagging
The attaching of electronic markers to people for monitoring purposes, to track offenders under house arrest or curfews
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Probation
The release of an offender from detention, subject to a period of good behaviour under supervision instead of a prison sentence
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Fine
Money charged by the government for some minor crime such as speeding. Has the aim of deterrence and reparation
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Community service
A punishment where a criminal gives back to the community (reparation) by doing menial tasks such as litter picking or cleaning spray paint. Also aims to reform.
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Age of criminal responsibility
The age at which a criminal can be held legally accountable for their actions. Age 10 in the UK.
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Mitigation
Where a criminal receives a lesser punishment than they normally would. Such as if they could prove they are repentant or if they are a young or first time offender.
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Repentance
Where a criminal or sinner seeks forgiveness, apologises and promises not to commit the action again
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Youth Court
A court of law responsible for the trial of young offenders, may give CBO (Criminal behaviour orders) to restrict behaviour.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Illegal actions done towards a person, generally physically. Includes assault, murder, **** and generally more severe.

Back

Crime against the person

Card 3

Front

Illegal actions done against belongings or property. Include theft, vandalism.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Illegal actions done towards the ruling party of a country or area i.e. the government such as selling state secrets or terrorism with political intent. Generally severely punished

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A sin against religious beliefs and may not be illegal but could be offensive to a religious believer. Include idolatry, blasphemy

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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