Crime and punishment Key Words

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institutes of justinian
The codification of the Roman laws
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corporal punishment
A physical punishment
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Hundred
A small area based on 100 peasant farms by 1000 AD, there was a system of courts in each hundred, covering the whole of England, dealing with less serious cases. All freeman had to attend these local courts which met every month
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Patriarchal societey
When the men have the authority over women
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Blood Fued
When a victims family is allowed to seek revenge on the person who had done harm to them
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Hue and Cry
A gathering of local people hunting suspected criminals. Everyone who heard the cry about the crime had to join the hue to find the criminal.
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Provincial Govener
Governors who dealt with the most serious crimes.
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Wergeld
A system of punishment based on the payment of compensation. The amount varied depending on what they did and who the victim was.
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Trial by ordeal
When the church is responsible for the trail and it was dependent on Gods judgement which was given by the priest of the church.
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Iceni Rebellion
A Celtic group who were against the Romans
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Kings peace
The King wanted to enforce peace across the country
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Synod of Whitby
A Northumbrian synod
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Crucifixion
When someone is nailed/tied to the cross and is executed to death
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Tithings
A group of ten men . All men over the age of twelve had to belong to a tithing, and if one of the men committed a crime, the other nine men had to bring him justice.
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Forest laws
In Anglo-Saxon time they were introduce to protect the forests and there were new crimes and very harsh punishments were introduced
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Church courts
Courts responsible of religious and moral crimes
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Constitutions of claredon
A set of legislative procedures passed by Henry II of England in 1164
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Kings mund
To offer protection to the citizens from the monarch
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Constables
Police officers
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Benefit of the Clergy
Members of the Clergy were only allowed to be tried by a church, and could claim this right by reading the bible.
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Royal Judges
Judges in the crown court
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Sturdy Beggars
Someone who had the ability to work but instead they begged on the streets.
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Treason
Betraying ones country, especially by trying to overthrown the government or kill the monarch
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Heresey
Holding religious beliefs that are different from the official religion enforced by the authorities; the people concerned were called heretics
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A physical punishment

Back

corporal punishment

Card 3

Front

A small area based on 100 peasant farms by 1000 AD, there was a system of courts in each hundred, covering the whole of England, dealing with less serious cases. All freeman had to attend these local courts which met every month

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

When the men have the authority over women

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

When a victims family is allowed to seek revenge on the person who had done harm to them

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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