Crime and punishment

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what were forest laws and give an example of punishments given for the crime of breaking them
forest laws ment that no one could hunt or cut down trees in areas deemed to be under the laws and punishment for breaking the law would be heavy fines and blinding in the case of hunting animals such as deer.
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Give examples of continutity of laws betweeen anglo saxon and Norman
Systems of tithings, the hue and cry continued as well as the influence of the church over laws continued toi grow.
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Why were harsh punishments carried out publicaly after the Norman invasion
Because the anglo Saxons did not like a foreignor reigning over them so put up resistance against his rule so the harsh punishments were a way to enforce the people to behave.
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what were sanctuaries?
Sanctuaries were safe areas in churches and cathedrals where even the county sheriff could not catch the criminal by force once the criminal cliamed sancutary .
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why did some criminals claim benefit of clergy and how could they do it?
Because it allowed criminals to escape execution as church courts believed in repenting and did not enforce the death penalty. They could claim clergy by reciting a verse from the bible.
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3 ways you could escape execution now!
Buying a pardon from one of the many money loving king, joining the army during times of war or getting pregnent as they couldnt be hanged.
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Norman laws that were harder on women than men?
Once married all the womans property becomes her husbands, Woman could not inherit property when their farther died.
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What were shire courts known as under Norman rule.
Borough courts
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what did Henry ii do with Anglo saxon, Norman and royal laws?
He unified them under one system that was enforced throughout England and was basis of the Common law used today.
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Why did fines become a common punishment against criminals.
Because many jurie would not convict their neighbours unless they were regular offendors.
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What were the influence of the church on medieval law?
They were able to bring punishments that were less severe to the covicted as they wanted to bring across the idea of reform.
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All counties had their own prisons to keep accused people before their trial, what were they called?
County gaols
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what were justices of the peace?
They were early police force that could arrest suspected criminals and were introduced in 1361.
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what else rose due to the prices of products rising because of shortages
Crime such as petty theft .
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Where were the most serious cases (Death penalty) tried.
In royal courts in London or by judges who travelled to each county twice a year.
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what did Henry the second try to do when he came into power?
started to resore king's power and reduce power of the nobles.
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Card 2

Front

Give examples of continutity of laws betweeen anglo saxon and Norman

Back

Systems of tithings, the hue and cry continued as well as the influence of the church over laws continued toi grow.

Card 3

Front

Why were harsh punishments carried out publicaly after the Norman invasion

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what were sanctuaries?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why did some criminals claim benefit of clergy and how could they do it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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