Crime & Deviance - Interactionism and Labelling Theory

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  • Created by: michelle9
  • Created on: 26-01-20 14:10
What do labelling theorists believe makes an act deviant?
When it is labelled so by others, depends on society's reaction to it
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Who is a moral entrepreneur?
Someone who wants to change the law
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What did Piliavin and Briar believe affects police decisions to arrest youths?
Physical cues such as manner and dress as well as gender, class, ethnicity...
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Typifications are when someone pays a control agent to not take them to the next stage of the justice system
False, it is one's ideas/ stereotypes of what a typical delinquent is like
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Who claims justice is a negotiation?
Cicourel
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Platt argued we should use offcial crime statistics as a topic rather than a resource because they don't show patterns of crime but how people are labelled
False, Cicourel said this
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Why do interactionists argue official crime statistics are socially constructed?
Because at each stage of the criminal justice system social control agents decide whether or not to go to the next stage based on labels influenced by typifications
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Who differentiated between primary and secondary deviance?
Lemert
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What is the difference between primary and secondary deviance?
Primary deviance is a deviant act committed before a label whereas secondary deviance is a deviant act committed as a result of a label and can lead to a deviant career
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What is the deviance amplification spiral?
When increased attempted control leads to increased rates of deviance which leads to more attempts at control leading to more deviance ect...
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What were Braithwaite's two types of shaming?
Disintegrative - labelling both the act and the person as bad and Reintergrative - labelling just the act as bad
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Why did Durkheim study suicide and how?
To show sociology is a science, using official statistics
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Who suggested suicide should be studied using qualitative methods such as unstructured interviews and analysing suicide notes?
Douglas
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How can Atkinson's work on suicide be criticised?
He claimed we only make interpretations of the social world therefore his ideas too are just an interpretation so there's no reason to accept them
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Who argued institutionalisation leads to the mortification of the self by having their old identity replaced with the new one of 'inmate' through degradation rituals?
Goffman
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What two reactions might one have to institutionalisation according to Goffman?
Internalising the new identity or Resistance
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Who found that patients can be manipulative so they can have free movement of the hospital, supporting Goffman's ideas?
Braginski
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who is a moral entrepreneur?

Back

Someone who wants to change the law

Card 3

Front

What did Piliavin and Briar believe affects police decisions to arrest youths?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Typifications are when someone pays a control agent to not take them to the next stage of the justice system

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who claims justice is a negotiation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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