Crime and deviance-functionalists

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1. What are the 5 key terms in Mertons theory?

  • Involvement, conformity, belief, law, ethics.
  • Involvement, commitment, belief, attachment, law.
  • Conformity,innovation,ritualisation, rebellion,retreatism.
  • Ethical rules, ruling class power, involvement in the community, the law,our attachment to society.
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2. According to Merton what is the common goal for all of society?

  • A happy and cohesive family
  • Equality for all individuals
  • Economic and material wealth.
  • Equality of educational achievement

3. What is the negative aspect of Durkheims theory?

  • Crime can weaken the adherence to the collective conscience and therefore freed from its social control. People start looking for their own needs this is is anomie
  • Crime will bring harm to others in the community , meaning people are not close or bound to their community, making the deviant strays.
  • It is against the law, which is created to protect others from harm.
  • Individuals can be hurt mentally and physically, and for ethical reasons this is not right.

4. According to Hirschi, what are the 4 crucial bonds that binds us together?

  • Belief, ethics, commitment, involvement.
  • Attachment, commitment, involvement, belief.
  • Commitment, law, ethics, international relations.
  • Attachment, commitment, ethics, law

5. Overall, what is Mertons theory?

  • We all follow a set of norms, those who do not agree to these, deviate away from it and creates crime.
  • The formation of subcultures and the poor relationship between us and them is what creates crime.
  • Crime is evidence for a poor fit between socially accepted goals and the socially acceptable means of achieving these goals.
  • It is the ruling class power and exploitation of the working class that creates anger and deviance.


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