Crime and deviance-functionalists

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1. What is the negative aspect of Durkheims theory?

  • Individuals can be hurt mentally and physically, and for ethical reasons this is not right.
  • Crime can weaken the adherence to the collective conscience and therefore freed from its social control. People start looking for their own needs this is is anomie
  • It is against the law, which is created to protect others from harm.
  • Crime will bring harm to others in the community , meaning people are not close or bound to their community, making the deviant strays.
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2. According to Merton what is the common goal for all of society?

  • Economic and material wealth.
  • A happy and cohesive family
  • Equality for all individuals
  • Equality of educational achievement

3. Overall, what is Mertons theory?

  • It is the ruling class power and exploitation of the working class that creates anger and deviance.
  • Crime is evidence for a poor fit between socially accepted goals and the socially acceptable means of achieving these goals.
  • The formation of subcultures and the poor relationship between us and them is what creates crime.
  • We all follow a set of norms, those who do not agree to these, deviate away from it and creates crime.

4. According to Merton , what is the common means to achieve this goal?

  • Beating everyone in the job market
  • Hardwork and educational achievement
  • Supporting and helping one another
  • Go to university

5. According to Hirschi, what are the 4 crucial bonds that binds us together?

  • Belief, ethics, commitment, involvement.
  • Attachment, commitment, involvement, belief.
  • Commitment, law, ethics, international relations.
  • Attachment, commitment, ethics, law


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