Crime and deviance-functionalists

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1. What are the 5 key terms in Mertons theory?

  • Involvement, conformity, belief, law, ethics.
  • Involvement, commitment, belief, attachment, law.
  • Conformity,innovation,ritualisation, rebellion,retreatism.
  • Ethical rules, ruling class power, involvement in the community, the law,our attachment to society.
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2. In Durkheims theory, what does re-affirming the boundaries mean?

  • Where an entire community comes together after a horrific crime and creates a sense of belonging, strengthening the community.
  • Some crime can act as a pressure release for workers.
  • When someone breaks the law, the resulting court sentence and publicity re-affirms the existing values.
  • When someone who is breaking the law is treated with sympathy at the court, the public outcry to this would symbolise changing values.

3. According to Merton what is the common goal for all of society?

  • A happy and cohesive family
  • Equality for all individuals
  • Economic and material wealth.
  • Equality of educational achievement

4. According to Hirschi, what are the 4 crucial bonds that binds us together?

  • Belief, ethics, commitment, involvement.
  • Attachment, commitment, ethics, law
  • Attachment, commitment, involvement, belief.
  • Commitment, law, ethics, international relations.

5. According to Merton , what is the common means to achieve this goal?

  • Go to university
  • Supporting and helping one another
  • Hardwork and educational achievement
  • Beating everyone in the job market


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