1. According to Merton , what is the common means to achieve this goal?
- Beating everyone in the job market
- Hardwork and educational achievement
- Supporting and helping one another
- Go to university
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2. Overall, what is Mertons theory?
- Crime is evidence for a poor fit between socially accepted goals and the socially acceptable means of achieving these goals.
- We all follow a set of norms, those who do not agree to these, deviate away from it and creates crime.
- The formation of subcultures and the poor relationship between us and them is what creates crime.
- It is the ruling class power and exploitation of the working class that creates anger and deviance.
3. In Durkheims theory, what does re-affirming the boundaries mean?
- When someone breaks the law, the resulting court sentence and publicity re-affirms the existing values.
- When someone who is breaking the law is treated with sympathy at the court, the public outcry to this would symbolise changing values.
- Where an entire community comes together after a horrific crime and creates a sense of belonging, strengthening the community.
- Some crime can act as a pressure release for workers.
4. What are the 5 key terms in Mertons theory?
- Conformity,innovation,ritualisation, rebellion,retreatism.
- Involvement, commitment, belief, attachment, law.
- Ethical rules, ruling class power, involvement in the community, the law,our attachment to society.
- Involvement, conformity, belief, law, ethics.
5. According to Merton what is the common goal for all of society?
- Economic and material wealth.
- A happy and cohesive family
- Equality for all individuals
- Equality of educational achievement