1. Overall, what is Mertons theory?
- It is the ruling class power and exploitation of the working class that creates anger and deviance.
- We all follow a set of norms, those who do not agree to these, deviate away from it and creates crime.
- Crime is evidence for a poor fit between socially accepted goals and the socially acceptable means of achieving these goals.
- The formation of subcultures and the poor relationship between us and them is what creates crime.
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2. In Durkheims theory, what does re-affirming the boundaries mean?
- Some crime can act as a pressure release for workers.
- When someone who is breaking the law is treated with sympathy at the court, the public outcry to this would symbolise changing values.
- When someone breaks the law, the resulting court sentence and publicity re-affirms the existing values.
- Where an entire community comes together after a horrific crime and creates a sense of belonging, strengthening the community.
3. What is the negative aspect of Durkheims theory?
- Individuals can be hurt mentally and physically, and for ethical reasons this is not right.
- Crime can weaken the adherence to the collective conscience and therefore freed from its social control. People start looking for their own needs this is is anomie
- It is against the law, which is created to protect others from harm.
- Crime will bring harm to others in the community , meaning people are not close or bound to their community, making the deviant strays.
4. What are the 5 key terms in Mertons theory?
- Conformity,innovation,ritualisation, rebellion,retreatism.
- Involvement, commitment, belief, attachment, law.
- Ethical rules, ruling class power, involvement in the community, the law,our attachment to society.
- Involvement, conformity, belief, law, ethics.
5. According to Merton what is the common goal for all of society?
- Economic and material wealth.
- Equality for all individuals
- Equality of educational achievement
- A happy and cohesive family