CRIME

  • Created by: Kaur A
  • Created on: 31-05-17 12:30
HOWARD BECKER (1963)
CRIME IS SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED. IT IS NOT HOW PEOPLE BEHAVE BUT HOW THE BEHAVIOUR IS PERCEIVED BY OTHERS THAT CONSTITUTES CRIME. "DEVIANT IS THE ONE TO WHOM THE LABEL HAS BEEN SUCCESSFULLY APPLIED"
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SUTHERLAND (1940)
WHITE COLLAR CRIMES PROCESSED AS REGULATORY RATHER THAN CRIMINAL DESPITE CAUSING AT TIMES MORE HARMS. BEHAVIOURS SHOULD BE EXPANDED ACROSS THE SOCIAL SPECTRUM RATHER THAN JUST FOCUSING ON THE POOR.
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RICHARD QUINNEY (1970)
IDENTIFICATION OF CRIME IS A POLITICAL PROCESS. LAWS ARE CREATED BY THOSE WHO HAVE THE POWER TO PROTECT THEIR OWN INTERESTS THOUGH PUBLIC POLICY CREATION
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WILLIAM DE HAAN 1990
CRIME IS AN IDEALOGICAL CONCEPT THAT JUSTIFIES INEQUALITY AND DISTRACTS PUBLIC ATTENTION FROM MORE SERIOUS HARMS AND INJUSTICES
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HILLYARD AND TOMBS
PRESENT 4 INTERRALATED THEMES THAT EXPAND TRADITIONAL BOUNDARIES OF CRIMINOLOGY. 1. SOCIAL HARMS ARE GREATER AND MORE DIFFERENTIALLY DISTRIBUTED THAN CRIMINAL LAW ALLOWS
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HILLYARD AD TOMBS 4 THEMES
2.social harm approach includes ecomonical, cultural and emotional 3defineing harm as a crime derives from social power 4.using harm approach shifts the focus from just individual and includes gov, corp & eco systems
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STEVE TOMBS AND DAVID WHITE
AUTHOR OF BOOK 1 CHAPTER 5 CRIME HARM AND CORPORATE POWER
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LOUISE WESTMARLAND
AUTHOR OF BOOK 1 CHAPTER 4 GENDER ABUSE AND PEOPLE TRAFFICKING
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EXAMPLE OF CORPORATE HARM
cadburys, salmonella, they did not report this to FDA who became suspicious when people including children were falling ill from salmonella. they initially refused liability but after an investigation admitted that this was because they has chan
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PAUL TAPPAN
CRIME should be applied to offences that violate the law only. corp crimes are different, they are normal in business
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OVERT CORPORATE POWER
THEIR INFLUENCE IN POLICY MAKING e.g labelling of food
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COVERT CORPORATE POWER
MEDIA - shaping of peoples understanding of harm and crime through discourse where public think its normal e.g sugar salt levels in food
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TYPES OF CORPORATE POWER
ECONOMICAL AND POLITICAL it influences definitions of crime and processes of criminal justice
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WHAT IS CRIME (tappan)
an intentional act that violates criminal law, comitted without defence and penalised by the state
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How can an act be legally defined as a crime
1.must be legally prohibited 2.Perp has criminal intent 3. Perp acted voluntarily 4. Must have legally prescribed punishment for it
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Card 2

Front

WHITE COLLAR CRIMES PROCESSED AS REGULATORY RATHER THAN CRIMINAL DESPITE CAUSING AT TIMES MORE HARMS. BEHAVIOURS SHOULD BE EXPANDED ACROSS THE SOCIAL SPECTRUM RATHER THAN JUST FOCUSING ON THE POOR.

Back

SUTHERLAND (1940)

Card 3

Front

IDENTIFICATION OF CRIME IS A POLITICAL PROCESS. LAWS ARE CREATED BY THOSE WHO HAVE THE POWER TO PROTECT THEIR OWN INTERESTS THOUGH PUBLIC POLICY CREATION

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

CRIME IS AN IDEALOGICAL CONCEPT THAT JUSTIFIES INEQUALITY AND DISTRACTS PUBLIC ATTENTION FROM MORE SERIOUS HARMS AND INJUSTICES

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

PRESENT 4 INTERRALATED THEMES THAT EXPAND TRADITIONAL BOUNDARIES OF CRIMINOLOGY. 1. SOCIAL HARMS ARE GREATER AND MORE DIFFERENTIALLY DISTRIBUTED THAN CRIMINAL LAW ALLOWS

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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