Creating a welfare state 1918-79

HideShow resource information
What was the 1920 Unemployment insurance Act?
Extends numbers of workers eligible for unemployment insurance.
1 of 21
What were Pensions raised to in 1921?
10 shillings per week
2 of 21
What was the Widow's, Orphan's and Contributory Old Age Pensions Act 1925?
Provides pension scheme for low-paid workers and set retirement age to 65.
3 of 21
What did the 1929 Local Government Act do?
Transfers welfare powers from Boards of Guardians to county councils and county boroughs
4 of 21
What was the Poor Law renamed to in 1930?
Public assistance
5 of 21
What was controversially introduced in 1931?
'Means test' which was supposed to help save money by seeing if people actually needed benefits.
6 of 21
What was the 1934 Unemployment Assistance Act?
Reverses 1931 benefits cut and sets up Unemployment Assistance Board t manage benefits payments
7 of 21
What did the Beveridge Report call for in 1942?
Universal provision to help defeat the 5 giants of: Want. Squalor. Disease. Idleness and Ignorance
8 of 21
What were the two government white papers in 1944?
'Employment policy' and 'Social insurance.' Accept the need to safeguard full employment and provide a universal system of welfare support.
9 of 21
What was the 1946 National Insurance Act?
Enforces compulsory insurance for pensions, sickness, maternity and unemployment.
10 of 21
What was the 1948 National Assistance Act?
Provided a financial safety net for the destitute and formally abolishes 'Poor laws'
11 of 21
What was the 1971 Family Income Supplement?
Introduced a financial safety net for poor families with children.
12 of 21
What did the 1973, Manpower Services Commission do?
Provide employment and training services to the unemployed.
13 of 21
What did the government do between 1975 and 1978?
Introduced Job creation programmes aimed at cutting levels of unemployment.
14 of 21
What was the 1978 Youth Opportunities Programme?
Helped 16-18 year olds who were continuously unemployed for six weeks or more.
15 of 21
What was the 1919 Housing and Town Planning Act?
It aimed to empower local authority to use central government to fund housing programmes.
16 of 21
What was the estimated housing shortfall by 1923?
822,000
17 of 21
How many homes were built between 1919 and 1940?
4 million.
18 of 21
What did the 1930 Housing Act do?
Used state funds to rehouse people living in overcrowded areas.
19 of 21
Why did Welfare Costs increase between the 1940s and 1960s?
An increase in life expectancy to 74 for women and 69 for men. Higher standards of living. Growing population.
20 of 21
What did Thatcher say about increasing welfare payments?
It would lead to a poverty trap and diverted funds away from wealth generation. It would lead to an overreliance on the state.
21 of 21

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were Pensions raised to in 1921?

Back

10 shillings per week

Card 3

Front

What was the Widow's, Orphan's and Contributory Old Age Pensions Act 1925?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the 1929 Local Government Act do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Poor Law renamed to in 1930?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Creating a welfare state 1918-79 resources »