CP Reading and Speech Processing

How do children acquire language
1 of 21
How do people form interpretations from speech
2 of 21
How do people generate utterances
3 of 21
Meanings of words and utterances
4 of 21
Combinational rules, word order
5 of 21
Words, morphology
6 of 21
Sounds, phenemes, prosody, intonation
7 of 21
Reading VS speech on evolution?
Reading is more evolutionary recent
8 of 21
Reading VS speech on punctuation?
Speech uses prosody instead of punctuation
9 of 21
Reading VS speech ambiguity?
Both can be ambiguous
10 of 21
What helps to avoid ambiguity?
Prosidic cues in speech, and punctuation in reading
11 of 21
Research methods for reading?
LDT (eg. is "?" a word), naming tasks, eye tracking, priming, and neuroimaging
12 of 21
Phonological processes in reading?
Coltheart: (weak) it is inessential for word identification. Frost: (strong) it is essential for word identification
13 of 21
Support for strong models?
Van Orden (1987): participants engaged in phonological processing, as they made more mistakes in "rows" a flower, than "robs" (because they sound similar)
14 of 21
Support for weak models?
Hnaley and McDonnell (1997): participants could understand the meaning of words but could not pronounce the words accurately - showing the meaning is independent form phonological access. Also phonological dyslexia
15 of 21
Does phonological processing always occur?
Depends on the nature of the words and the participants reading ability. Phonology is used more when accessing the meaning of low-frequency words than high-frequency words. Poorer readers are more likely to use phonology
16 of 21
Automatic word processing?
Rayner (1998): people often don't fixate on words when they read suggesting that word identification is automatic. Cheesnab & Merikle (1984): stroop effect
17 of 21
Word superiority effect?
Reicher (1969): Word accessed as a whole first, letter identification happens later
18 of 21
Rayner et al (2006) jumbled speech study?
Letter-level and word-level processing occur in parallel
19 of 21
Porblems with speech processing?
Segmentation problem: difficulty is distinguishing words from the pattern of speech due to continuous nature of speech signal. Individual differences in rate of speaking. And degraded speech due to background noise
20 of 21
What helps segmentation?
Certain sounds never appear together within a syllable. Possible word constraints, eg words without vowels. Syllabic stress, eg emphasis on pats of a word
21 of 21

Other cards in this set

Card 2




How do people form interpretations from speech

Card 3




Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4




Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5




Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Cognitive Psychology resources »