Covering Courts Key Terms

Suspended Sentence
Does not have to go to jail unless commits further offences during the period
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Absolute Discharge
Court feels no punishment other than conviction is neccessary
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Conditional Discharge
Not immediately imposed punishment, but states if commits offence within specified period, liable to punishment of new and previous conviction
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Community Order / Sentence / Punishment
Ordered to obey one or more requirements, deemed to be punitive (unpaid work, curfew or fine)
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Preliminary Hearing
A hearing before any trial at a magistrates or crown court
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Jigsaw Identification
When someone is given anonymity by law but is nevertheless identified by the media as a result of a combination of or accumulation of detail published.
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Circuit Judge
A judge appointed to sit at crown or county court
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Common Law
Law based on the custom of the realm and decisions of judges through the centuries
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District Judge
County Court judge who also decides smaller cases, family law cases, public examinations, and deals with cases under informal arbitration procedure
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District Judge (Mags Court)
A full time legally qualified magistrate
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Indictment
A written statement of charges which is put to the defendant at the arraignment at crown court
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Judicial Review
A review by the queens bench divisional court, part of the high court, of decisions taken by a lower court
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High Court Judges
Those who can sit in the High Court and Crown Courts - only they can try the most criminal offences, (Mr Justice Smith)
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Mitigation
A plea for leniency in the sentence due to be imposed, citing extenuating circumstances, made in court or on behalf of a convicted offender
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Mode of Trial Hearing
Allocation Hearing
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Police Bail
A person undergoing investigation can be released from arrest on conditions, including they return to a police station, can be arrested if they breach conditions.
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Sending for Trial
Procedure whereby an indictable only or some either way offences are sent from mags to crown
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Commital for sentence
Defendant admitted an offence, or been convicted at trial, is sent to crown court to be sentenced as mags sentencing power is insufficient
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Statute
An act of parliament - primary legislation created by parliament
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Indication of Guilty Plea
Automatically treated as a formal plea and convict themselves of crime
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Indication of Not Guilty Plea
Magistrates decide if summary trial or sending
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Tort
A civil wrong, such as defamation or negligence, monetary damages may be rewarded
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Taken into Consideration (TIC)
Crimes which the defendant admits although he/she has not been charged with them. (More Lenient sentence -Wastes less court time etc)
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European Convention on Human Rights
Sets out rights that must be protected by signatory states, freedom, political liberty and rule of law.
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Divorce
Legally dissolves a marriage can marry six weeks later
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Annulment
Rules the marriage was never valid, refusal to consummate, bigamy etc
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Judicial Seperation
same grounds as a divorce but not free to re-marry. Often on religious grounds because of stigma attached to divorce.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Court feels no punishment other than conviction is neccessary

Back

Absolute Discharge

Card 3

Front

Not immediately imposed punishment, but states if commits offence within specified period, liable to punishment of new and previous conviction

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ordered to obey one or more requirements, deemed to be punitive (unpaid work, curfew or fine)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A hearing before any trial at a magistrates or crown court

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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