Couples

Who believes in instrumental and expressive roles?
Parsons
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What is the instrumental role?
The man goes to work
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What is the expressive role?
The woman goes to work
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Who believes in joint and segregated conjugal roles?
Bott
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What is the joint conjugal role?
Very traditional like Parsons view. Men=breadwinner Women=housewife. The jobs are not shared and couples often tend to complete leisure activities separately
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What is the separated conjugal role?
Husband and wife both share responsibility for paid work, childcare and domestic chores and often spend their leisure time together
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What did Young and Wilmot do?
Completed research of families in London to try and provide evidence for the 'symmetrical family'
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What did Young and Wilmot find?
That the symmetrical family was more common among younger couples, those who are geographically isolated, those who are socially isolated and those who are more affluent
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What did Young and Wilmot conclude?
That the rise in the nuclear symmetrical family was a result of social changes that have taken place in the past century
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What are the 4 factors affecting the rise of the symmetrical family?
Changes in women's position in society, geographical mobility, new technology and better standards of living
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What is a feminist view on housework?
Reject the MOPV, argue that very little has changed, men and women are unequal- women do more housework, all stems from a patriarchal society, the subordinate role of women is reflected in the family
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What does Oakley claim about Young and Wilmot's suggestion of a symmetrical family?
That it is exaggerated
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Young and Wilmot found that most households 'helped' their wives at least once a week, what does Oakley argue?
That making breakfast once a week was not an example of symmetry
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What percentage of husbands had a high level of participation in the household?
15%
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What percentage of husbands had a high level of participation in childcare?
25%
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When were husbands more likely to share in childcare?
Only in it's most pleasurable aspects
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What did most couples define the father's role as?
The one of taking an interest
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What was a good father described as?
One who would play with the children in the evenings and take them off the mother's hands on Sunday mornings
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What did this mean for the mother's?
That they were left with more time to do housework and that they missed out on the rewards of childcare
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What did Mary Boulten find?
That fewer than 20% of husbands had a major role in childcare
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What does Mary Boulten argue?
That Young&Wilmot look at the tasks that men were completing with regards to childcare but not the responsibilities. Fathers may complete specific tasks but with regards to the child's wellbeing&security it was the mother.
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What did Warde and Heatherington find?
That sex-typing of domestic tasks remained strong. Wives were 30x more likely to be the last person to have done the washing, whereas husbands were 4x more likely to be the last person to wash the car
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the instrumental role?

Back

The man goes to work

Card 3

Front

What is the expressive role?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who believes in joint and segregated conjugal roles?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the joint conjugal role?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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