Domestic division of labour

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What is the domestic division of labour?
how roles in the households are split between family members
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Who came up with and what is the Functional Fit Theory?
Theory by Parsons - as society changes, the family 'type' and the functions it has changes
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What is an expressive role?
'housewife' roles traditionally carried out by women. Such as cleaning, childcare, cooking.
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What is an instrumental role?
'breadwinner' roles traditionally carried out by men. Such as going to work and earning money.
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What is a symmetrical family?
When house work and authority is balanced between man and woman in the family.
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What is the nuclear family?
Mother, father and biological or adopted children.
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What does Parsons say are the functions of the family?
Primary socialisation and Stabilisation of adult personalities
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What is Primary socialisation?
Parents are responsible for teaching children the norms and values of society, instrumental and expressive roles.
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What is Stabilisation of adult personalises?
Known as the warm bath theory. Man can come home from stressful day at work, and take his anger out of his family in order to 'de-stress' and be prepared fro work the following day.
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What does Murdock say are the 4 functions of the family?
Sexual relation, Reproduction, Socialisation of the young, Economic stability
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What is Economic stability?
Father should be able to go to work and receive pay that provide functional prerequisites ( food, water, shelter) for the family.
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What is Socialisation of the young?
Teaching children the norms and values of society, instrumental and expressive roles.
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What is Reproduction?
Having children that can contribute successfully to society.
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What is Sexual relation?
Heqalthy relationship between mother and father, with presence of intercourse.
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What is 'modern society' ?
Before industrial revolution
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What is 'postmodern society' ?
Today's society
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What is an extended family?
Parents, kids, grandparents, aunts, uncles etc etc etc
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Other than nuclear and extended, what are some other family types?
Single-parent, cohabiting, stepfamilies, same-sex, living alone
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Who came up with and what are joint conjugal roles?
BOTT : Man and woman share paid work, childcare and housework, spend leisure time together.
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Who came up with and what are segregated conjugal roles?
BOTT : Man -breadwinner, woman- housewife. Spend ,title time together and do leisure activities separately.
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What did Man-Yee Kan say about the impact of paid work?
For every £10,000 a woman earns, she does two-hour-less houseowkr
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What did Gershurny say about the impact of paid work?
Unemployed women do 83% of housework, part-time working women do 82%, and full-time working women do 73%
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What is the and who came up with the commercialisation of housework?
Silver and Schor - Purchasing domestic appliances and cleaners, will reduce need for housework.
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What is the dual burden?
Women go to paid employment AND do unpaid housework
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What did Morris say about the division of domestic labour?
That unemployed men will still avoid doing housework, calling this the Crisis of Masculinity.
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What did Ramos say about the division of domestic labour?
Contradicts Morris, by saying that unemployed males do the same amount of housework as fully-time-working women (19 hours).
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What is the triple shift?
Women go to paid employment AND do unpaid housework AND emotionally support the family
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What is the feminist view of housework?
Feminists reject the march of progress, arguing that nothing has changed, saying that most women still do housework and inequality continues to stem from the patriarchal society that oppresses all women.
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What does Oakley say about Young and Wilmotts view on domestic division of labour?
Y+W say that men ‘help’ with the housework but Oakley says that helping is not symmetry.
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What are Oakley’s research findings?
That 15% of men say that they have a high contribution with housework, 25% say they help a lot with the childcare. Most fathers agree that they help more with the childcare than the housework, doing the pleasureable/fun aspects of care.
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What did Oakley’s research conclude?
Most fathers agree that they help more with the childcare than the housework, doing the pleasureable/fun aspects of care. Leaving the mother with less childcare to do, but thus leaving her to have to do more of teh housework, leaving less free time.
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What did Young and Wilmotts research into families conclude?
Discovered a new type of family - Symmetrical Family, mostly young couples, affluent couples, socially isolated people and geographically isolated couples. Concluded rise of Symmetrical Family was due to major social changes in the past century (MoP)
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What are the 4 stages of the March of Progress?
Changes in women’s position in society, greater geographic mobility, new technology, better standards of living.
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How does a change in women’s position society result in the raise of symmetrical family?
Women now go out and go to work, meaning both partners are earning an income.
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How does greater geographic mobility result in the raise of symmetrical family?
More couples live away from where they grew up, meaning they live away from family, less access to support with labour
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How does new technology result in the raise of symmetrical family?
Presence of labour saving devices, such as dishwashers and microwaves, decrease the amount of houseowkr that needs to be done, evening out the ratio of time spent on work between mother and father.
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How do better standards of living result in the raise of symmetrical family?
Better healthcare, better knowledge on how to look after themselves.
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What is the cultural explanation of the labour division?
Division of labour is determined by patriarchal norms and values in our culture. They are socialised into this norm from a young age.
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What is the material explanation of the labour division?
Women earn less money than men which means it is more economically beneficial for them to do teh childcare and housework whilst the man, as the breadwinner, brings in teh larger proportion of money.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who came up with and what is the Functional Fit Theory?

Back

Theory by Parsons - as society changes, the family 'type' and the functions it has changes

Card 3

Front

What is an expressive role?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is an instrumental role?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a symmetrical family?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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