Cosmological Argument

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1. What is at the heart of the Russell Coppleston debate?

  • Motion.
  • The issue of contigency and necessity and what is a sufficient reason to explain why anything exists.
  • Actuality.
  • Potentiallity.
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2. The principle of sufficient reason came from what Philosopher?

  • Hume
  • G.W. Leibniz
  • Coppleston
  • J.L. Mackie

3. What was Russell's statement?

  • 'Cause is a kind of reason.'
  • 'To say one has not found it is one thing; to say that one should not look for it seems to me rather dogmatic.'
  • 'I should say that the universe is just there and that is all.'
  • 'An adequate explanation must ultimately be a total explanation, to which nothing further can be added.'

4. What does Aquinas say about Efficient cause?

  • The cause is necessary.
  • It argues against the existence of God.
  • It doesn't exist.
  • He disagrees with having an efficient cause.

5. What did Russell Coppleston argue about the universe?

  • It's not necessary for the universe to have a cause.
  • It does not exist.
  • That it can only be sufficiently explained by reference to God.
  • Explanation is beyond the reach of humans.

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