Cosmological Argument Plato, Aquinas,

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What does the Cosmological argument seek to prove?
the existence of God
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What is the cosmological argument dependent on?
Experience/ Posteriori
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What type of argument is the Cosmological Argument?
Synthetic
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What is a synthetic argument?
Its meaning relates to the world
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Who holds the origins of the Cosmological Argument?
Plato
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What did Plato recognize in the universe?
everything is in motion
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Plato's view on infinity
it cannot occur
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What does the motion in the universe he notice need?
a prior cause to have started it
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Plato's conclusion on the movement
there must be a source of movement
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what did Plato label God?
'the earliest and mightiest of all challenges' who set the motion train
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Plato- God is the.........mover
Unmoved
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example of Plato's views of motion
witnessing growth and decay
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Aquinas three ways?
1. Way from motion 2. Way from causation 3. Way from Necessity
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What is everything in the process of changing from?
From a potential to an actual state
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Key feature of the way from motion?
that everything is in motion
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Way from causation main point
everything that exists has a cause
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What is illogical with the series of cause and effect?
there is cause and effect for everything in the universe, there is not one for the universe
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Where must the explanation lie?
outside of the Universe
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What is the key feature of the way from causation?
everything has a cause
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How does the key feature of the way from causation relate to God?
God must be the first efficient cause
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In the way from necessity what must God be?
Non contingent and have always existed
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God must........ the universe
transcend
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What does William Lane Craig study?
The Kalam Argument
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Who agrees with William Lane Craig that the Big Bang was the beginning?
Scientists
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What is our galaxy doing?
Constantly expanding from a point
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WLC conclusion of the first cause
God
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WLC example?
Library analogy
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Library book analogy in three points
there is library with an infinite number of red and black books, the sum of the red and black books would equal the number of red book alone, this is illogical therefore impossible, this ties in with the conclusion that infinity cannot occur
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Leibniz- argument of what?
sufficient reason
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Leibniz argues the creator must be God, why?
the Universe is not eternal
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Leibniz example?
Geometry book
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Geometry book in points
there is a geometry book, you would believe it just popped up into existence, there would be a series of editing and copying form an earlier edition. This relates to the Universe as it could not have just popped into existence there must be an author
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How does the argument of Sufficient Reason link to God?
before we were created it must have required forethought, the same applies with the universe. something must have thought about creating the universe. GOD!
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Card 2

Front

What is the cosmological argument dependent on?

Back

Experience/ Posteriori

Card 3

Front

What type of argument is the Cosmological Argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is a synthetic argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who holds the origins of the Cosmological Argument?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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