Coronary Heart Disease

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Where are the coronary arteries? Are they narrow or wide arteries?
They are on the outside of the heart. They are narrow.
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What is atherosclerosis?
When your coronary arteries are blocked with a ockage. Your heart doesn't get enough oxygen and glucose.
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Why does the body need cholesterol?
Cholesterol is needed to make cell membranes, vitamin D, aestrogen, testosterone
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How do we get it into our body?
Our bodies make most of it, but some of it comes from our diet too.
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What is the difference between HDL's and LDL's?
HDL's are good. (High Density Lipoproteins). LDL's are lazy. (Low Density Lipoproteins).
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Which are the best to have in our diets, HDL's or LDL's?
HDL's
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How can we lower cholesterol in the blood?
-Stop smoking. -Cut down on dairy products, so reduce eating milk, red meat and eggs. -Get your doctor to prescribe you to a drug called Statins. REMEMBER: LDL's carry cholesterol, but tend to leave it behind in the blood.
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What are Statins?
Statins are drugs which lower the level of cholesterol in your blood.
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What are the main risk factors associated with CHD?
1) High Blood Pressure 2) High Cholesterol 3) Tobacco Use 4) Overweight 5) Low fibre diet 6) Physical inactivity 7) Alcohol Abuse
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How can we tell whether someone has CHD?
- Measure their blood pressure. - Use modern scanners like MRI, CT, Xrays. -You give them a ECG (electrocardiogram) - Echo cardiogram (listen to someones heart beat) - Look at someones blood tests.
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Which age group have the most cases of increased cholesterol levels? Why? (from a chart)
For women 55-64 and for men 45-54. Because people might not work then. They smoke more, drink more and their diet changes.
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Which countries have the highest number of deaths due to CHD? Why? (from a chart)
Irish Republic and Finland. Health care might not be as good or a bad diet.
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How can we treat CHD?
1) Stop smoking 2) Healthy Eating 3) Exercise and fitness 4) Antiplatelets -thin your blood, e.g. Aspirin 5) Statins- remove cholesterol from the blood 6) Beta- blockers- treat agina and lower blood pressure 7) Surgery-by-pass operations and stents.
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What is CHD?
Coronary Heart Disease- Its is the arteries by your heart and CHD is when they are blocked and there is lack of blood going to your heart.
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What causes CHD?
High Cholesterol. Too much animal fat (LDL's) or your genes.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is atherosclerosis?

Back

When your coronary arteries are blocked with a ockage. Your heart doesn't get enough oxygen and glucose.

Card 3

Front

Why does the body need cholesterol?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How do we get it into our body?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the difference between HDL's and LDL's?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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