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bandura background (social leaening theory)?
social learning theory- behaviour learnt through observing role models and imitating them, role models= higher status/ similar to us behaviour learned if its associated with a reward, via direct rewarding or vicarious reinforcement
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bandura sample?
oppotunity sample- 72 children- sannford university, mean age 4yrs 4 months 36 female 36 male
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experimental methods?
lab experiment- (iv- role model condition, gender of role model) and quasi experment (iv gender of ps)
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experimental design?
matched pairs design- p = observed in the playground by resercher and workers= rated on a 4-5 point scale for pre-existing agression, physical + verbal agression, aggression towards innaimate objects,aggression inhibition
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how were they grouped, bandura?
they were then grouped by gender and agression scores into triplets, one of each triplet was randomly allocated into each condition, agressive, non agressive and no role model.
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experimental method?
structured, controled covert observation using event sampling.
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procedure bandura?
Children individually taken to a room in the nursery to play with potato prints. Whilst they’re playing the adult role model enters the room
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what happend in each role model condition?
Aggressive role model condition: starts by playing with tinker toys- 1min then throwing, kicking, hitting Bobo doll- mallet and making aggressive comments- Pow’ + ‘Sock it to him’. Non-aggressive role model condition- plays with tinker toys no-potato
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what was the agression arousal?
put children individually into a room in the nursery with desirable toys and allowed them to play for 2mins. Then took them away, stating that they were reserved for other children.
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whats the last stage of the procedure?
3rd room with a one-way mirror had passive toys, ie teaset, and toys used by the aggressive role model, like the mallet/ bobo doll, and aggressive toys not used by the role model ,like a dart gun. An experimenter= in room for safety but unobtrusive
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what was the measurement?
frequency of imitative physcial aggression, imitative verbal aggression, imitative non-aggressive verbalisations, and non-imitative physcial and verbal aggression. They also observed for partially imitative behaviour: mallet use on object, sit on dol
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what was the inter rater reliablity?
51 of the children were rated by 2 observers independently. Their results showed a strong positive correlation of r=0.89, demonstrating high inter-rater reliability.
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what were the findings and conclusions 1?
Boys imitated aggression more from male role models than females, supporting that role models tend to be people similar to the individual.
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what were the findings and conclusions 2?
Girls imitated physical aggression more from male role models and verbal more from female role models, and children were confused by the female model’s aggression, suggesting that appropriateness of the role model is a factor in i
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bandura sample?

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oppotunity sample- 72 children- sannford university, mean age 4yrs 4 months 36 female 36 male

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experimental methods?

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experimental design?

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how were they grouped, bandura?

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