Controversy A: European Diplomacy 1900 - 1914

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1902:
Anglo-Japanese Alliance
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Details
Neutral if small war. Support if big war
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Significance
Britain scaled down naval presence in Far East and concentrated resources at home
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1904:
Anglo-French Agreement
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Details
France given free hand in Morocco. Britain control over Eygpy
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Significance
Gave rise to A-F entente and marked Britain's move into Franco-Russian orbit
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1904-05
Russo-Jap war
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Details
Russia heavily defeated.
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Significance
Prompted army reforms which alarmed Germany
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1905-06
Tangier Crisis
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Details
France wanted control to safeguard Algeria. Wilhelm landed and pledged independence support. International conference granted France SUBSTANTIAL control over Morocco.
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Significance
Kaiser's plan to test the Entente failed. It was strengthened. Britain's suspicions intensified.
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1907:
Anglo-Russian agreement
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Details:
Britain and Russia settled disputes over territories in Central Asia
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Significance:
Gave rise to the Anglo-Russian entente.
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1908:
Bosnian Crisis
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Details
Austria annexed B-H, breaking terms of 1878 agreement. (control without incorporation)
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Significance:
Russia forced to back down as Germany backed A-H. Russia left bruised and resentful
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1911:
Agadir Crisis
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Details:
France demanded full control of Morocco. Kaiser landed the Panther demanding compensation. Britain intervened.
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Significance:
Failed to undermine entente again. Gained some compensation. Showed kaiser that force works. Britain's actions show how far relations had deteriorated.
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1912-14
Balkan War
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Deets:
Balkan states fought vs Ottoman Empire. Then fought among themselves
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Significance:
First war led to confrontation between Russia and A-H over the latter's determination to restrict Serbia's gains. Britain and Germany restricted their partners.
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Neutral if small war. Support if big war

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1904:

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