Controversy A: European GPs Late 19th C

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Least consequential of the GPs?
Austria + Italy
1 of 31
France 1870-71 (Event)
Defeats by Prussia - Lose Alsace and Lorraine
2 of 31
France 1871 - Objective
Find a heavyweight ally
3 of 31
German Chancellor 1871-90
Otto Von Bismarck
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Link between his foreign and domestic policy
Maintain peace / stability in Europe to concentrate on nation building
5 of 31
Germany threatened by?
6 of 31
Solution to this:
Isolate France; acquire relations with Russia and Austria
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Nature of German foreign policy
Low key + Risk Averse
8 of 31
German foreign policy after 1890:
BELLIGERENT BELLIGERENT contentious + aggressive
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Describe Austria:
Declining multinational state
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What threats did it face?
Demands for indépendance of the nationalities within it
11 of 31
Foreign policy?
Self-preservation + Retain GP status
12 of 31
Most pressing problem: (date)
Acquisition of B-H in 1878
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Why was this a problem?
State contained large number of Serbs.
14 of 31
Location of Serbia:
East of B-H
15 of 31
Serbian foreign policy
Unify Serbia into a super state
16 of 31
To achieve this they backed
Separatist movements
17 of 31
What sort of GP was Russia in late 19th C?
Expansionist Power
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Where did it look to expand?
Far East and S.E Europe
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What did Russia seek in E.Europe?
Control of straits connecting the mediterranean to the Black Sea
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How did Russia go about furthering its aims?
Acted as a patron and protector of Serbia
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How did Russia tie herself to Serbia?
Religious + ethnic ties
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Russia-Serbian relations =
Difficult for Germany to be on good terms with Russia and Austria
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Britain's concerns in 19th C?
Fending off threats to colonial possessions.
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Who threatened Britain at this point?
France (Africa) + Russia (asia)
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Britain's wider concern?
No country should dominate Europe.
26 of 31
Could invade Britain / close off trade
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Italy's relationship with France?
Hostile, saw France as a rival for Mediterranean influence
28 of 31
Italy's foreign policy?
Sought colonies seeing them as a symbol of GP status.
29 of 31
Why did Italy move towards the Double Alliance?
Hostility with France
30 of 31
When did the Triple Alliance form?
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2


France 1870-71 (Event)


Defeats by Prussia - Lose Alsace and Lorraine

Card 3


France 1871 - Objective


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


German Chancellor 1871-90


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Link between his foreign and domestic policy


Preview of the front of card 5
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