Controversies defintions WJEC PY4

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 18-04-14 15:40
Describe what is meant by 'ethical costs'
- Sacrifices Ps make in terms of well-being and dignity. - Ps can be deceived, harmed and their privacy invaded. - E.g. Milgram's study caused psych distress and Ps were deceived about aim and nature of the study.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'scientific benefits'
-Potential uses of findings in real world. - Practical applications. - E.g. Bandura's Bobo doll study demonstrated how less exposure to aggressive role models will lead to more desirable behaviour in children.
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Describe what is meant by 'genetic influences'
- View that behaviour is pre-determined under control of genes. - Maturation is the pre-programmed patterns of change over time. - Examples of innate behaviours are basic motor skills including crying and grasping, which require no practice.
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Describe what is meant by 'environmental influences'
- Outside the person. - Born a blank slate. - We learn behaviours from stimuli in environment. - E.g. aggression learnt from aggressive role models or media.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'culture bias'
- People from one culture make assumptions about other culture's behaviour based on their own cultural norms. - Most psych research on white European undergrad students and applied all over world. - Ethnocentrism: believe our own culture is superior.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'gender bias'
- Theory/study values one gender over the other. - Expectations of researchers may influence questions, methodology, conclusions and theories. - E.g. Freud believed women were morally inferior, as they did not experience the Oedipus complex.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'free will'
- Capable of self-determination. - Active role in their behaviour i.e. free to choose and not responding to any external or internal pressures. - E.g. CBT works on the principle we have free will to fix faulty beliefs.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'determinism'
- All behaviour is caused by internal or external forces rather than free will. - Many types include physiological determinism, which means internal systems control behaviour. - E.g. schizophrenia caused by high levels of dopamine.
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Describe what is meant by the term 'scientific benefits'

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-Potential uses of findings in real world. - Practical applications. - E.g. Bandura's Bobo doll study demonstrated how less exposure to aggressive role models will lead to more desirable behaviour in children.

Card 3

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Describe what is meant by 'genetic influences'

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Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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Describe what is meant by 'environmental influences'

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Card 5

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Describe what is meant by the term 'culture bias'

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