CONTRIBUTIONS: social

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  • Created by: katie
  • Created on: 12-05-15 18:15
EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: social identity theory
an explanation for blind obedience that was theorised by milgram. said agentic state and autonomous state. agentic state = give up responsibility for their actions and obey an authority//autonomous state = able to make their own decisions
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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: supporting studies
milgram, hofling, meeus and raajmakers: found people act against their moral code to obey authority
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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: why is it a contribution?
to prevent blind obedience by changing the training of soldiers in order to prevent as much hierarchy/change the 'obey or die' attitude. also used to educate people about the dangers of blind obedience: contribution bc it can be harmful
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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: two strengths
1)studies looking into this explanation are labs and so have tight controls/are reliable. is a contribution therefore bc is accurate 2)agreeing from different cultures e.g. milgram is america and meeus & raajmakers is holland. contribution everywhere
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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: two weaknesses
1)Holland and America quite similar cultures so may not be generalisable to all cultures so not a contribution to everywhere 2)no one definitive explanation for blind obedience which affects how the information is used to contribute e.g. social power
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: social identity theory
SIT by Tajfel & turner explains prejudice as it says we form in groups and out groups. social categorisation, social identification (self esteem ties in with your in-group and you adopt their identity) and social comparison (+ in-group favouritism)
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: what is the supporting evidence for SIT
the minimal groups study carried out by Tajfel
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: realistic conflict theory
Sherif said that prejuice arises when there are inter-group conflicts that arise when groups are competing for limited resources
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: why is it a contribution?
used to reduce discrimination as prejudice leads to it, from football violence to genocide. can achieve this by openly condemning the prejudices like people have done in the past with homophobia and this has decreased massively
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: two strengths
1)studies supporting the explanations for prejudice are generally lab exps and so are reliable with strong controls 2)been used by authorities and clubs to reduce aggression resulting from inter-group conflicts
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REDUCING PREJUDICE: two weaknesses
1)evidence not valid really bc lab so maybe not applicable to real life 2)not a holistic view of prejudice as the explanations focus on being part of an in-group which simplifies the complexities of it and makes it less credible as a contribution
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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: supporting studies

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milgram, hofling, meeus and raajmakers: found people act against their moral code to obey authority

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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: why is it a contribution?

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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: two strengths

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EXPLAINING BLIND OBEDIENCE: two weaknesses

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