CONTRIBUTIONS: cognitive

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  • Created by: katie
  • Created on: 04-06-15 14:08
COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: why was this development needed?
the results of studies such as Loftus and Palmer showed that EWT were unreliable and that witnesses memories can be disrupted by length of time passed, the way they are questionned and the schemas that they use
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: outline this technique
this aims to make EWT more reliable by taking place on the scene of the crime so that cues are present so that the cues at encoding are also there at retrieveal and having the witness recount the event from a place other than the beginning
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: how is it a contribution?
1)police training changed: emphasis on remaining neutral when questionning 2)police gain more indepth & accurate account of crime: can be sure right criminals being convicted 3)police more aware of memory processes: conscious effort avoid leading Qs
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: two strengths
1)supporting evidence from well controlled lab exps e.g. Loftus was replicated & found to be reliable 2)improved technique needed from an ethical and moral POV
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: two weaknesses
1)doesnt make a difference in reliability at what point the crime is recalled from: some features of cog int not effective 2)MILNE: no more details recalled than using other techniques
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COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY: outline the therapy
treatment for mental health e.g. depression that believes thoughts lead to emotions which lead to behaviour so aim to identify and resolve unhelpful thougth patterns in order to modify emotions and behaviour
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COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY: how is it a contribution?
helped to maintain good mental health in society by curing mental disorders with good results. also one of the first treatments that gave patients a lot of the control over the sessions with deciding aims: patients challenge their own way of thinking
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COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY: two strengths
1)helps equip patients with information to prevent relapses which means the contribution is lasting to society 2)popular, widely used and more cost-effective that other treatments such as dream analysis which can take place for years
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COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY: two weaknesses
1)assumes everyone has the ability to change deeply ingrained ways of thinking that link to their disorders 2)the long term outcomes of CBT depend on whether the patient feels responsible for their own recovery (more likely to relapse if don't feel)
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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: outline this technique

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this aims to make EWT more reliable by taking place on the scene of the crime so that cues are present so that the cues at encoding are also there at retrieveal and having the witness recount the event from a place other than the beginning

Card 3

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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: how is it a contribution?

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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: two strengths

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COGNITIVE INTERVIEW: two weaknesses

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