Constitutional Reform

  • Created by: Olivia
  • Created on: 09-04-13 16:04
Why was there a constitutional crisis during the Liberal government?
Because to be a member of the House of Lords you had to inherit the role and the Conservatives still had a majority there. They rejected all Liberal reforms so that nothing would be made into an Act.
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Which bills did the Conservatives reject?
The Education Bill (1906), the Plural Voting Bill (1906), the Land Bills (1908) and the Licensing Bill (1908).
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Why did the Conservatives reject these bills?
Because they challenged or removed the upper classes privileges, such as having more than one vote each and having no tax on land.
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How did Liberals plan on overcoming this obstacle?
The Conservatives were not rejecting any financial bills/budgets so they decided to hide social reforms within a budget. If this budget was thrown out by the Conservatives it would force a general election.
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What was this budget called and when was it introduced?
The People's Budget (1909)
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What clauses of the People's Budget would particularly upset the Conservatives?
Raising income tax on the rich, increase estate duty and other death duties, taxes on land and land valuation, increase the cost of pub landlord's licenses.
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In what ways can the People's Budget be seen as innocent, with no clash intended?
Lloyd George: the bill had to target the rich because money was needed to finance reforms. The poor cannot afford to pay.
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How can the People's Budget be seen as helping to raise money for welfare reforms?
Sykes: the budget was designed to show that social reform could be financed within the free trade system. To show it was successful in raising money.
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How can the People's Budget be seen as a plan to clash with the Lords?
Sykes: The increasing licensing and spirit duties was done to circumvent the House of Lords. Dangerfield: Liberals targeted land, which was protected by the House of Lords.
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How can the People's Budget be seen as a plan to 'hit the rich'?
Lloyd George: wants to remove aristocratic system.
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What was the reason that the Liberals gave for the budget being introduced?
That it was to help the poor by taxing the rich such as funding the pension scheme. Also to finance defence plans e.g. building Dreadnoughts.
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What did the Liberal government want to achieve through the People's Budget?
They wanted to solve poverty and even the class system.
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Did the Liberal government foresee any problems?
They knew that it would only pass if it was a financial bill and knew that the House of Lords could still through out the budget.
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What was Lloyd George's opinion of the Lords?
He felt that they only cared about the People's Budget because it affects them, they are not looking after the people. They should not have so much power but the Lords do not want the Liberals to have control.
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Was the budget designed to provoke the Lords?
Any well explained and evidenced answer is correct.
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What did the House of Lords think of the Liberals and their policies?
They worried that allowing the Budget could cause others to be introduced. Taxation on the rich is not fair because they earned their money.
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What was the House of Lord's opinion of the People's Budget?
They believed it was of damage to the people.
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Which particular parts of the budget did the Lords dislike and why?
The Licensing Bills and Land Valuation. They wondered if the Liberals had this much power, how else they could use it in the future.
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Did the Lords expect to win and stop the budget completely?
They were not sure if rejecting the bill was possible- or whether they should reject it.
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Traditionally what was the Lord's attitude towards money bills?
They had constitutional rights of dealing with money bills.
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What happens in November 1909?
The People's Budget passes through the House of Commons (379 votes to 149)
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What happens in January 1910?
The People's Budget was rejected by the House of Lords and so Asquith calls a general election of Peers vs. People.
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What are the results of the January 1910 election?
The Liberals join with the Irish Nationalists and Labour to have a weakened majority. There is a Hung Parliament.
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What problems emerge for the Lords from this election?
The Liberals had now joined with the Irish Nationalists which meant that if the Liberals got into power they would try and pass Irish Home Rule. The King had agree to create enough Liberal Lords to have a majority if they passed bills on his terms.
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What happens in April 1910?
The Parliament Bill is passed through both houses by Asquith.
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What are the terms of the Parliament Bill?
The Lord's cannot veto a bill, they can only delay it. Bills could be delayed for up to one year. A general election must now be held every 5 years.
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Why was a second election called in 1910?
It came at a time when the House of Lords were still rejecting Liberal reforms, and so calling an election was a catalyst for change for the Liberals.
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What were the results of the December 1910 election?
It came to a deadlock between Liberal and Conservative like the last election.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Which bills did the Conservatives reject?

Back

The Education Bill (1906), the Plural Voting Bill (1906), the Land Bills (1908) and the Licensing Bill (1908).

Card 3

Front

Why did the Conservatives reject these bills?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did Liberals plan on overcoming this obstacle?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was this budget called and when was it introduced?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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