Consolidation of the Nazi State II

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What did Papen confidently say about Hitler's position as Chancellor in Feb 1933?
"Within two months we will have pushed Hitler so far into a corner that he'll squeak"
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When was the Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of the Nation and the State issued?
28th February 1933
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When was the Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda established?
13th March 1933
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What law was passed on 14th July 1933?
Law against the Formation of New Parties
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When was the Concordat agreement concluded between the state and the Vatican?
20th July 1933
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What was the basis of the Concordat agreement?
The Church was banned from political activity, in return for the protection of religious freedom
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When was the Law for the Reconstruction of the State passed?
30th January 1934
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What did the Law for the Reconstruction of the State entail?
Elected state assemblies were dissolved, Reich Governors created to run states
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When was the Night of the Long Knives?
30th June 1934
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When did President Hindenburg die and Hitler become Head of State?
2nd August 1934
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How many potential opponents to the Nazi regime has been arrested by the end of 1933?
100,000
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What was the process by which Hitler gained control over Germany called?
Gleichschaltung
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What did Goebbels say about the aim of Nazi propaganda?
"to work on people until they have become addicted to us"
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What was the first concentration camp called?
Dachau
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What did clause 2 of the emergency decree 'For the Protection of People and State' allow?
The cabinet to intervene in the government of states, a power previously the prerogative of the President
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How many political prisoners were in custody in Prussia by the end of April?
25,000
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How did Nazis remove the obstacle posed by Trade Unions?
The day following their May Day celebrations, the SA stormed the offices of trade union ADGB, afterwards other trade unions voluntarily disbanded
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When was the SPD officially banned?
22nd June 1933
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What completed the centralisation of the state?
Te abolition of the upper house of the Reichstag, provincial and local governments were made completely subordinate to the central government
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Why did Hitler carry out the Night of the Long Knives?
Internal party divisions between more radical National Socialism, and conservative National Socialism, he needed support from the conservative elites who disapproved of the SA, Himmler wanted the SS to be independent of the SA
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What was the significance of the Marburg Speech of June 1933?
It was the last speech which was openly critical of the regime
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How did the Night of the Long Knives mark a major shift in the development of Hitler's dictatorship?
Hitler triumphed over both the Left and Right wing, tamed the radicals and won the support of the elite
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Who did the army take an oath of personal loyalty to when Hindenburg died?
Hitler
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Why was Hitler able to get away with murder during the Night of the Long Knives?
Conservative interests and the German population were convinced that it was a necessary precaution
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Why was the Nazi book burning of 10th May 1933 so significant?
The students dealt a dramatic blow to intellectual freedom and academic autonomy
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Which factors were central in the consolidation of Nazi power and establishment of dictatorship?
Terror and violence, law, propaganda, alliances and concessions, weakness of the opposition, sympathy of the conservative right
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of the Nation and the State issued?

Back

28th February 1933

Card 3

Front

When was the Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda established?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What law was passed on 14th July 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the Concordat agreement concluded between the state and the Vatican?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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