Consolidation of Bolshevik Rule

  • Created by: AshyBoy
  • Created on: 14-05-18 20:01
POST REVOLUTION
blah blah blah
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Who were key figures that opposed Lenin's coup?
Zinoviev, Kamenev and the Mensheviks
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What happened to the SR party?
It divided into the left and right, those who supported the Bolsheviks and those who did not.
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What kind of government did the Bolsheviks and the SR's have?
A coalition government
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What was the soviets version of a cabinet?
The Sovnarkom
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What was the soviets version of Ministers?
Comissars
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Why did they replace traditional names?
To differentiate themselves from the capitalist past
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What were the positions of Lenin, Trotsky and Stalin in this cabinet?
Lenin = Chairman - Trotsky = Foreign Affairs - Stalin = Nationalities
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Who was the one woman in the cabinet and what was her department?
Alexandra Kollontai = Social Welfare
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DECREES
blah blah blah
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What was Lenin's decree on the 27th October?
Peace armistice with Germany
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When did Russia end their war with Germany?
November 1917
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What was Lenin's other decree on the 27th October?
Abolished private land and legitimised the peasant seizure and re-distribution of land within the Zemstva (Lost SR peasantry support and gave it to the Bolsheviks)
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What was Lenin's decree in November?
I gave self determination to the people of the empire (Countries could gain independence if they wanted). Outlawed discrimination towards women and allowed them to own land. Titles were gone all people referred to as citizens.
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When did Finland gain Independence?
December
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What was Lenin's decree in December?
Officers were to be chosen directly by soldiers committees. Church land seized. Banks were nationalised
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ESTABLISHING CONTROL
blah blah blah
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What public institutions at first refused to obey the Bolsheviks?
The civil service and the Banks
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What did it take for the Bolsheviks to force the banks to hand over their money?
10 days and threats of military action
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How many soldiers were loyal to Kerenksy?
10 Cossack regiments
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Why did the Bolsheviks have less men?
They had little contact to the frontline troops and the Petrograd garrisons had gone home after the October Revolution
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Why did Lenin concede to a coalition government with the SR?
Because of railway and communication workers striking the one party government
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Did Lenin let the SR's have any control of things?
No, he never intended to let anything dilute the Bolsheviks power
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Who was the civil war between?
Loyalists and revolutionaries
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COMBATING OPPOSITION
blah blah blah
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What methods did Lenin use to ensure that the opposition was seen as the enemy?
He launched a propaganda campaign against his political and class enemies like the bourgeoisie. He closed down Anti-Bolshevik newspapers.
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What did he do to ensure the loyalty of the civil service?
He purged it of any of its disloyal members
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What was Lenin's secret police called?
The Cheka
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What did the Cheka do?
They rounded up leading Kadets, Mensheviks, right wing SR's and imprisoned them
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CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY ELECTION
blah blah blah
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Lenin was so good at crushing his opposition that their only hope of getting rid of him were the __________ Assembly _________
Constituent Assembly Elections
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What was the turnout of the election?
41.7 million (More than any Russian election at the time)
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What was the result of the elections?
SR's = 53% - Bolsheviks = 24%
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Did Lenin step down?
No, "We must not be deceived by the election figures. Elections prove nothing."
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When was the Constituent Assembly dissolved?
January 1918
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who were key figures that opposed Lenin's coup?

Back

Zinoviev, Kamenev and the Mensheviks

Card 3

Front

What happened to the SR party?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What kind of government did the Bolsheviks and the SR's have?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the soviets version of a cabinet?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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