Conservation in the UK

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Plagioclimax
a community of species that doesn't develop to a natural climax, but is maintained by human activities such as burning, grazing or ploughing
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Ecotourism
tourism intended to have a low environmental impact, usually involving seeing wildlife
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SSSIs
areas of particular interest because of their plants, animals, geological features or land forms
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NNRs
to secure protection and appropriate management of the most important areas of wildlife habitat and provide a resource for scientific research and recreation.
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LNRs
owned by local authorities for the benefit of wildlife and the public
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MNRs
to conserve and provide opportunities for the study of marine wildlife and interesting geological and physiographical features
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SPAs
help protect and manage areas that are important for rare and vulnerable birds
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SACs
provide rare and vulnerable animals, plants and habitats with increased protection and management
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Natura 2000
SPAc and SACs together
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Species Recovery Programme (SRP)
run by Natural England to conserve particular endangered species
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DEFRA
concern for climate change and energy, sustainable consumption/production, sustainable food/farming sector
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Ramsar Sites
protects wetlands of international importance, especially as a habitat for water birds
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Biodiversity Action Plan
Species action plans, habitat action plans and local action plans
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Environmental Stewardship Scheme
An annual payment is made for farming with an environmentally beneficial management plan
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The Forestry Commission
owns large areas of forest with aims of timber production, wildlife conservation, education and recreation
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WWF
international charity campaigning on global climate change, endangered species, waste disposal, transport, home energy conservation and food miles
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RSPB
Bird conservation is the focus but also energy, pollution, transport and agriculture.
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Lobbying
he act of attempting to influence decisions made by officials in the government
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Biological Corridor
connects habitats
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Coppicing
trees cut to ground level on a rotation every 7-12 years. as they regrow they produce thin, straight branches
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Pollarding
trees cut down to about 1.8m to protect them from grazing livestock, deer and rabbits.
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Woodland relic hedges
strips of woodland left between fields. Usually rich in plant and animal life so are of great wildlife value
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Planted hedges
planted to divide up common land or keep livestock in. Usually have fewer plant and animal species and so are of a lower wildlife value.
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Subsidy
Form of financial aid
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Carbon sequestration
any process that removes co2 from the atmosphere, e.g. afforestation
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

tourism intended to have a low environmental impact, usually involving seeing wildlife

Back

Ecotourism

Card 3

Front

areas of particular interest because of their plants, animals, geological features or land forms

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

to secure protection and appropriate management of the most important areas of wildlife habitat and provide a resource for scientific research and recreation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

owned by local authorities for the benefit of wildlife and the public

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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