conscience

what was augustine of hippos view of the conscience?
took an intutive view concerning the nature of the conscience, he though it was the literal voice of god. And this voice informed the moral agent of what is right and wrong. Conscience has supremacy in ethical- decision making.
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what was cardinal newmans view of the conscience?
took an intuitive view concerning the nature of the conscience. Argued that when following their conscience, a moral agent is following divine law, conscience is a messanger of god and the act of god speaking- and detects the truth.
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what was Aquinas view of the conscience?
Believed conscience was a faculty/device for distinguishing right from wrong and is NOT an inner voice from god.
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what were the 2 parts to Aquinas' making moral decisions?
synderesis= awareness of moral principle to do good and avoid evil. Conscientia= distinguishing between right and wrong and act of making a moral decision/
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what was Joesph Butlers view of the conscience?
Conscience was an inuitive , god given aspect of human nature. It has supreme authority in human nature and adjudicates between self love and benevolence. Conscience always argues against self love and in favour of love of others.
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what was Sigmund Freuds view of the conscience?
conscience is an emotional/ psychological process self-checking. Conscience is a construct of the mind.
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for freud what is the Id?
id= impulsive part of the mind, repsonds immediately, seeks to give full release to feelings.
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for freud was is the super ego?
The super ego= prohibiting aspect of the psyche stops drives, fantasies, feelings and actionsit is the internalisation of rules and guidance such as cultural norms and parental upbringing.
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for freud what is the ego?
the adjudicator of the psyche which balances pleasure and reality. Seeks to bring about the desires of the id in realistic ways.
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for freud which part is the conscience found in?
super ego and it is a punishing force, punishing the ego with feelings of guilt.
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what did Jean Piaget suggest about the conscience?
suggets ther nature of the conscience is dependent upon the development stage of a child and that a moral sense is developed alongside other cognitive abilities.
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what are the 2 stages of moral development according to Piaget?
heteronomous morality= between 5-10. conscience is still immature, rules not to be broken but if broken consequences will show if right or wrong. Autonomous morality= 10+. children develop own rules and understand how rules operate in society.
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what was emile durkheims view on the conscience?
believed humans were naturally concerned with their own self interest but by promoting shared values society is brought together . individual conscience is feeling of collective responsibility allows to adhere to moral norms and serve the common good
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Card 2

Front

took an intuitive view concerning the nature of the conscience. Argued that when following their conscience, a moral agent is following divine law, conscience is a messanger of god and the act of god speaking- and detects the truth.

Back

what was cardinal newmans view of the conscience?

Card 3

Front

Believed conscience was a faculty/device for distinguishing right from wrong and is NOT an inner voice from god.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

synderesis= awareness of moral principle to do good and avoid evil. Conscientia= distinguishing between right and wrong and act of making a moral decision/

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Conscience was an inuitive , god given aspect of human nature. It has supreme authority in human nature and adjudicates between self love and benevolence. Conscience always argues against self love and in favour of love of others.

Back

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