Confromity

HideShow resource information
What is compliance?
Going along with others to gain their approval or avoid their disapproval
1 of 17
What is internalisation?
Going along with others because you have accepted their point of view because it's consistent with your own
2 of 17
What is the difference between the two?
Motivating factors (i.e. to fit in, may comply rather than internalise the groups attitude) Future Behaviour - likely to display what they have already learned
3 of 17
What is the Key study to do with conformity?
Asch's vision study (1956)
4 of 17
What did he do?
123 male American students were tested on a vision line test (with obvious answers), seated around table PP would always answer in the same order confederates and then PP. Confederates gave wrong answers 12/18 trials
5 of 17
What did he find?
On 12 of the critical trials 36.8% made by PP were incorrect (conformed) Only 1/4 didn't conform
6 of 17
Why did people conform?
Ash interviewed some of the men = 1) distortion of perception - saw lines same way as majority 2)distortion of judgement - doubted their own accuracy 3)Distortion of action - majority of PP knew they were right but conformed due to compliance
7 of 17
What variations did he carry out?
Made difference between line lengths much smaller (correct answer less obvious) conformity increased
8 of 17
Size of Majority
1/2 individuals conformity levels are low. Majority of 3 = conformity goes to 30% but firther increases did not increase conformity much more (size of majority important only up until a point)
9 of 17
The Unanimity of the Majority
When PP were given the support of a confederate with theright answer or another confederate the conformity levels dropped from 32 to 5.5% when confederate gave a different wrong answer it dropped to 9%
10 of 17
Who conducted a more recent study on the difficulty of the task?
Lucas 2009 - found the influence oon difficulty of the task is moderated by the self-efficacy of the PP - math problems in Asch type task high self-efficacy less likely to conform (i.e. if good at math wouldn't comply)
11 of 17
What are critismsof the research?
Conducted in 50's America = low population and historical validity as PP were subjected to McCarthyism and Communist Scare so were more likely to comply (thought wrong to be different)
12 of 17
Who repeated the study later ?
Perrin and Spencer repeated study in 1970 - in England using Science and Engineering students found out of 396 students only ONE conformed
13 of 17
What different study did Perrin and Spencer do?
Did Asch's study on probation PP and probation officers - found - similar levels of conformity to Asch's study = when costs of nonconformity are high people are more likely to conform
14 of 17
What is another limitation of Asch's study and how was this overcome?
Unconvincing confederates - Mori + Arai (2010) overcame this by using 3 pp used glasses with special filters and 4th wore different set - each PP saw the same thing but onesaw them differently - results closely matchedthat of Asch's study
15 of 17
Whatmeta-analysis was done on culture and conformity?
Smith and Bond - meta-analysis between 1952-94 of 133 studies in 17countries found - UK and US to be INDIVIDUALIST and Japan and Fiji to be COLLECTIVIST (higher levels of conformity)
16 of 17
Limitations of culture analysis?
may be an oversimplification as in each country their are individual differences. Task more meaningful in one country - problem of cultural differences being measured rather than conformity
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is internalisation?

Back

Going along with others because you have accepted their point of view because it's consistent with your own

Card 3

Front

What is the difference between the two?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the Key study to do with conformity?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did he do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Conformity resources »