Conformity

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  • Created by: mollythec
  • Created on: 09-12-15 10:22
Define conformity
A change in beliefs and/or behaviour as a result of group pressure
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What are the 3 types of conformity?
Internalisation, identification and compliance
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When would you experience internalisation?
When you are unsure about something
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When would you experience identification?
When you value something about a group
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When would you experience compliance?
When you copy a group, even though you privately disagree with them
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What type of social influence leads to internalisation?
Informational social influence (you are unsure and want to be right)
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What type of social influence leads to compliance?
Normative social influence (you want to fit in with the group)
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What ambigous task did Jenness use?
Number of beans in a jar
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What did Jenness investigate?
Informational social influence
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How many estimates did participants of Jenness study make?
Three
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Why was Jenness' study critisised?
It took place in an artificial situation so lacked ecological validity
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What task did participants of Aschs study do?
either: unambigous or line judgement
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How many confederates and naive participants were in each of Asch's groups?
7 confederates, 1 naive participant
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What did Asch investigate?
Normative social influence
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In Asch's study, how many trials were critical trials?
12/18
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In Asch's study, what percentage of critical trials were comformed on?
37% (or about a third)
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What percentage of particiapnts in Asch's study conformed at least once?
75%
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What variables did Asch change in variations of his original experiment?
Group size, Unanimity, Task difficulty
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Why was Asch critisised?
Any of: Demand characteristics, internal validity, unethical (deception, psychological harm), ecological validity
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Why was Jennes criticised?
Any of: demand characteristics, ecological validity,
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Who suggested Asch's study was a 'child of it's time'?
Perrin and Spencer
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Define social role
The parts people play as members of a social group
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What did Zimbardo investigate?
Conformity to social roles
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What roles were participants of Zimbardo's study given?
Prisoner, Prison guard
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How many men were selected for Zimbardo's study?
24
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What were prisoners referred to as in Zimbardos study?
Numbers
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In Zimbardo's study, what happened to one prisoner after only 36 hours?
He was removed after suffering crying fits
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What role did Zimbardo take in his experiment?
Superintendant
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How long did Zimbardo's study last?
6 days
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Why was Zimbardo criticised?
Dispositional factors, Ethical issues
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Why was ZImbardo's study unethical?
Lack of fully informed consent, protection from harm
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are the 3 types of conformity?

Back

Internalisation, identification and compliance

Card 3

Front

When would you experience internalisation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When would you experience identification?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When would you experience compliance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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