Conflict

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Definition of conflict
"A social conflict exists when two or more persons or groups manifest the belief that they have incompatible objectives." Krieberg
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Definition of conflict
"Conflict also means systems and actions of exploitations, exclusion and the limitation of opportunity, as well as direct violence." - Mac Ginty
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Realist approach to conflict
Conflict is a struggle between states over material sources due to selfish, competitive human nature
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Liberal approach to conflict
Certain states are more inclined to conflict, depending on governmental structure.
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Social constructivist approach to conflict
Emphasis on cultural and ideological factors.
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Marxist approach to conflict
War due to dynamics of international capitalist system.
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Peace research
Rationalist and structural explanations of conflict.
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Causes of interstate conflict
1) Territory - control of strategically important areas used to justify military action. 2) Control of ideological direction - Vietnam. 3) Totalitarian regimes - create fear within own citizens and neighbouring states.
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Wallensteen's types of interstate conflict
Geopolitik, Realpolitik, Idealpolitik, Kapitalpolitik
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Causes of intrastate conflict
1) Greed - maximise economic gain via civil war. 2) Grievance - needs (fulfil needs from basic physiological to self-actualisation), inter-group competition
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Types of intrastate conflict
Civil war, State formation, Guerilla wars
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Reasons for Basque conflict
1) Anthropological and political - violence unites rather than shared core values, repressive actions by state's military forces. 2) Grievance - memory of oppression during civil war
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Examples of oppression during and after civil war
Basque named traitor provinces, omitted in record of Spanish states, censored history books led to myths concerning past suffering
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Centralisation of Spain
Abolishment of local movements/institutions and local rights
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Oppression used to justify violence
Self-expression, the voice of the people against the regime and the dictatorship portrayed as the supreme guardian of Spanish unity
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Other reasons for support for ETA
1) Religion - church withdrew support for religious groups, struggling nationalism resembles martyrdom of Christianity. 2) Economy - recession in mid 1970 led to unemployment (10 years after armed attacks began, but violence peaked)
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Importance of national community
The more a person is involved in nationalistic struggle, the more accepted as a member of national community. Radical option most morally accepted
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Definition of conflict

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"Conflict also means systems and actions of exploitations, exclusion and the limitation of opportunity, as well as direct violence." - Mac Ginty

Card 3

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Realist approach to conflict

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Card 4

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Liberal approach to conflict

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Card 5

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Social constructivist approach to conflict

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