Conditions for mechanisms

Nucleophilic Substitution- aqueous hydroxide ions...
Warm aqueous sodium/potassium hydroxide.
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Nucleophilic Substitution- making nitriles...
Ethanolic potassium cyanide. Heat under REFLUX.
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Nucleophilic Substitution- making amines...
Warm excess ethanolic ammonia.
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Elimination...
Potassium Hydroxide, warm ethanol and reflux.
4 of 7
Elimination- producing ethene...
Heat under reflux with NaOH or KOH.
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Positively charged ions are called...
Electrophiles (eg NH4+)
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Negatively charged ions are called...
Nucleophiles (eg OH-)
7 of 7

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ethanolic potassium cyanide. Heat under REFLUX.

Back

Nucleophilic Substitution- making nitriles...

Card 3

Front

Warm excess ethanolic ammonia.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Potassium Hydroxide, warm ethanol and reflux.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Heat under reflux with NaOH or KOH.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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