Concepts of physical activity and sport

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What is the sporting development continuum?
Participation in various forms of physical activity at various stages of development. Gradual change moving people up the differnt stages, for example foundation; participation; performance; elite.
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What is leisure time?
Free time in which you can do what you want. Can be passive or active. If active it can be classified as physical recreation
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What are the key characterists of physical recreation? (5)
Fun; physically energetic; winning not important; voluntary; flexible in rules; self regulated
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What are the functions of physical recreation for an individual? (5)
improves health and fitness; develops physical skills; lead to sense of achievement; increased confidence; stress relief; social (meet new friends); life long participation
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What are the functions of physical recreation for a society? (4)
Increased health reduces impact on NHS; Improved social integration and community cohesion; Increased employment and economic benefits; Decreased crime rates; Increased skill leading to more elite performers
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What are the key characteristics of sport? (5)
Highly structured; specialist equipment; trained officials; tactics; competitive; intrinsic and extrinsic rewards; high levels of skill and fitness;
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What are the functions of sport? (4)
Improved self confidence; improved health and fitness; improved comunication and leadershipo skills; improved skills to move up sporting continuum; meet new friends
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What are the key characteristics of Physical Education (PE)? (5)
Compulsory; Formally taught lessons; For all from age 5-16; Teachers are in charge and run lessons; Highly planned and structured; It is in school time
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What are the key objectives of the National Curriculum in PE? (5)
Develop mental skills; Develop physical skills; Develop social skills; Improve health and fitness; improve childrens self esteem; increase leadership skills
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What is outdoor education or OAA?
Activities which take part in the natural environmentand use natural resources e.g. lakes, rivers, mountains, rock faces, trees etc
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What are the objectives of outdoor education? (4)
Increase awareness of safety or pecieved risk; increase teamwork skills; increase social and communication skills; increased leadership skills; increased self esteem; increased respect for the natural environment
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What are the difficulties with delivering OAA in schools? (4)
Lack of time in the PE curriculum; Lack of money for specialist equipment; lack of specially trained staff; lack of space or natural resources
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What is the 'school sports partnership'? (2)
The creation of links between schools (e.g. secondary schools linked to primary schools) to increase opportunities for school sport.
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What are the 'school games'? (2)
Increased sporting opportunities through intra and inter sports competitions. Done to increase competitive sporting opportunities in schools.
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Explain the key differences between physical recreation and sport. (6)
for all/selective; taking part/competitive; varied effort/high levels of effort; modified rules/set rules; self officiated/external officials; intrinsic rewrads/intrinsic and extrinsic rewards; basic equipment/specialist equipment
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What are the key differences between PE and school sport. (6)
free time/lesson time; compulsory/voluntary; for all/for chosen few; about taking part/winning; teacher led/coach led; lots of activities done/specialised
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is leisure time?

Back

Free time in which you can do what you want. Can be passive or active. If active it can be classified as physical recreation

Card 3

Front

What are the key characterists of physical recreation? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the functions of physical recreation for an individual? (5)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the functions of physical recreation for a society? (4)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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