Concepts and Categorisation

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1. What is typicality?

  • The set of entities that are members of the concept
  • Differences in how well members relate to their category
  • The set of attributes that define what it is to be a member of a concept
  • Measure of the overlap between members within a category
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2. The concept is represented by multiple examples rather than a single one and examples are actual category members. Which approach is this?

  • Defining-attribute
  • Logical concept
  • Exemplar
  • Prototype

3. Why does the basic level appear to be special?

  • Basic-level is less common in adult discourse than names for superordinate categories
  • Children learn basic-level concepts later than other levels
  • Quicker to identify basic-level category members as members of a category
  • Different cultures tend to use different basic-level categories

4. If both of the attributes specified in the logical relation must be present to be an exemplar, what rule is it?

  • Conjunctive
  • Disjunctive
  • Conditional
  • Bioconditional

5. What is the rule when if the first attribute is present then the other must be present?

  • Conditional
  • Bioconditional
  • Conjunctive
  • Disjunctive


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