Concepts and Categorisation

1. Different rules provide different amounts of exposure to the attributes, what does more exposure lead to?

  • Quicker learning
  • Slower learning
  • Increased learning
  • Decreased learning
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2. What is family resemblance (Wittgenstein, 1953)?

  • The set of entities that are members of the concept
  • Measure of the overlap between members within a category
  • The set of attributes that define what it is to be a member of a concept
  • Differences in how well members relate to their category

3. The concept is represented by multiple examples rather than a single one and examples are actual category members. Which approach is this?

  • Exemplar
  • Prototype
  • Defining-attribute
  • Logical concept

4. What is a rule?

  • Mental representation used for cognitive efficiency
  • Logical relationship between attributes
  • An object that satisfies a concept
  • Distinct features of objects

5. Why do we not categorise?

  • Allows us to establish hierarchies of objects
  • Allows us to recognise novel patterns
  • Increases the complexity of the environment
  • When we see new things, we can assign them to a category to understand them more


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