Computing Key Terms

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  • Created by: EveMHL
  • Created on: 21-04-16 20:51
Address Bus
Works within the CPU. Uniquely identifies a memory location by storing their binary address.
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Algorithm
A series of instructions that a computer can follow in order to complete a task.
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ALU
Arithmetic Logic Unit. The component of the CPU where arithmetic operations take place.
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Assembler
Computer software that takes basic computer instructions written in assembly language and translates them into machine code.
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Bit
One bit is the smallest piece of data a computer can store, it is either a 0 or 1.
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Data Bus
Transfers binary data from component to component within the CPU.
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Byte
1 byte= 8 bits. Computer storage is measured in bytes.
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Cache
A small amount of memory used to store data and instructions that the CPU may reuse. It is much quicker to retrieve data from the cache than from RAM.
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Caesar Cipher
A type of encryption where each letter is shifted in the alphabet by a fixed number of positions.
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Capacity
The amount of data (measured in bytes) that a device can store.
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Client Computer
Provides an interface to allow a user to receive services from a server. The client computer sends a request to the server, which process the information and then sends a response back to the client.
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CPU registers
Registers provide a small amount of memory within the processor and hold an instruction, memory address or data value.
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Domain Name
The unique, user-friendly name of a website, translated to an IP address by a DNS (Domain Name Service) server.
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Failover
If there is a system failure, failover is where the computer automatically switches to a back up system.
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Field
A column in a database. A single piece of data about an entity.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A series of instructions that a computer can follow in order to complete a task.

Back

Algorithm

Card 3

Front

Arithmetic Logic Unit. The component of the CPU where arithmetic operations take place.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Computer software that takes basic computer instructions written in assembly language and translates them into machine code.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

One bit is the smallest piece of data a computer can store, it is either a 0 or 1.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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