# Computing

What is the definition of an Algorithm?
Step by Step instructions for the computer to follow.
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What is the definition of Decomposition?
It involves breaking down a complex problem into smaller parts that are more manageable and easier to understand.
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What is the definition of abstraction?
simplifying something by removing unnecessary information for the problem to be solved.
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What is the definition of Psuedo - code ?
a way of writing algorithms in plain English, it is a way to plan what you are going to code.
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What is the definition of Flowchart ?
A diagram that represents a set of instructions by using standard symbols to represent different types of instructions.
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What is the definition of input ?
An input is data which the computer receives, such as sound from a speaker
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What is the definition of processing?
the computer processes the inputted data and decodes it so it can be understood.
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What is the definition of output ?
An output is data which the computer sends, e.g an image to a monitor
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What is the definition of a linear search ?
A linear search is one which searches for something by checking every item in a list, from the beginning until it finds it.
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What is the definition of a binary search ?
A binary search searches for something in an ordered list. A binary search algorithm takes the data and keeps dividing the list in half until it finds the item it is looking for
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What is the definition of a merge sort ?
A merge sort is a sort which splits the list down into individual parts before putting it back into lists of 2 values and then 4 etc. this reduces the amount of comparisons needed.
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What is the definition of a bubble sort ?
a bubble sort compares 2 values in a list and switches them if they are not in the correct order. it continues until a pass is completed with no switches made.
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What is the definition of a data type ?
different types of data (e.g. numbers and letters) are stored under different data types such as integer or string.
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What is the definition of an integer ?
An integer data type stores is any whole number
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## Other cards in this set

### Card 2

#### Front

It involves breaking down a complex problem into smaller parts that are more manageable and easier to understand.

#### Back

What is the definition of Decomposition?

### Card 3

#### Front

simplifying something by removing unnecessary information for the problem to be solved.

### Card 4

#### Front

a way of writing algorithms in plain English, it is a way to plan what you are going to code.

### Card 5

#### Front

A diagram that represents a set of instructions by using standard symbols to represent different types of instructions.