Compulsory Core, Education, Methods

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What is formal social control?
Rules imposed by official agencies, such as the government or police.
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How is formal social control enforced?
By formal sanctions, such as prison,fines and community payback.
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What is informal social control?
Norms and behaviours society wants us to conform to.
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How is informal social control imposed?
By informal sanctions, such as exclusion or disapproval.
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What is social control?
How we maintain order in society, without some universal rules there would be chaos.
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What is meant by the term homogenous?
Of the same kind (similar)
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Cultural diversity - how is the Tchambuli society different to ours?
Male and female roles are reversed, males spend time looking after their appearance and gossip.
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What is Ethnic Minority?
A group with in a community which has different national/cultural traditions from the main population.
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How many minority ethnic people live in the UK?
Just over 4 million.
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What is a hermaphrodite and how does it suggest we get our gender through nature?
People born with both male and female sex organs. Even though they change hormonally and sugically they still feel a certain gender.
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Name a Feral Child and give information on them.
Oxana Malaya. Found in 1991 aged 8. Ukraine. Raised by dogs and acted like one eg. Walking on all 4's, panting. Supports nurture theory.
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In the Nature v Nurture theory what are sociologists most interested in?
Nurture.
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What is adult socialisation?
Learning behaviours which are only necessary in adult life. For example how to buy and run a home, form and maintain a relationship and keep a job.
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What are the stages of socialisation?
Primary socialisation- agent is the Parents. Secondary Socialisation- outside the home eg at school, media, work, peers Adult socialisation-
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What is a Negative Sanction?
Punishments that are used to make people conform and behave in a routine fashion.
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What is a Positive Sanction?
Rewards that are used to make people conform and behave in a routine fashion.
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What is an informal Sanction?
Shame, ridicule, sarcasm, criticism and disapproval.
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What is a formal Sanction?
Formal sanctions reward or punish behaviour. Government and organisations use formal sanctions such as fines and imprisonment.
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What are the agents of socialisation?
1. Family 2. Education 3. Media 4. Religion 5. Peers 6. Official agencies (police)
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What is Canalisation?
The toys you buy a child in order to to encourage the desired gender behaviour.
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What is Manipulation?
The activities a child is encouraged to do in order to encourage the desired gendered behaviour.
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Card 2

Front

How is formal social control enforced?

Back

By formal sanctions, such as prison,fines and community payback.

Card 3

Front

What is informal social control?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is informal social control imposed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is social control?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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