1. Which of these is the correct definition of 'bricolage'
- The idea that the author's original intentions are irrelevant. The only thing that matters is how the audience interprets the text themselves. "A text is a tissue of quotations... Drawn from inumerable centres of culture."
- Comes from the collapse of cultural value. It's the recycling of old, historical ideas, language and products to often create a new, sometimes subversive, meaning and context.
- The belief that Western society rejects metanarratives because we have become obssessed with knowledge at the base of all truth.
- The idea that some texts can be superficial. They are based more on appearance rather than meaning.
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2. What is the correct definition of 'narrative'?
- Concerned with how we understand the world.
- How meanings are structured as stories.
- The underlying 'voice' of a text interpretted by the author.
- The way in which a text positions the reader.
3. Which of these theories belongs to Naomi Wolf?
- The Male Gaze: Involved the example of Bond films. Argued that the passive, sexualised and objectified representation of women ecouraged both men and women to look at women as passive, sexual objects.
- The Queer Theory: Rejects the idea that sex is biological and attacks the binary opposites of men/women gay/straight. Identity is fluid and dynamic.
- The Beauty Myth: The media attacks women's bodies by representing impossible idea selves to aspire towards.
- The Female Eunuch: Claimed that women are not 'free' in society, but were oppressed and exploited both consciously and unconsciously by men.
4. Complete the postmodernist statement: 'Modern culture is so _____ and _____.'
- Meaningless and Meaningful
- Competative and Greedy
- Fragmented and Diverse
- Technological and Contemporary
5. Which one of these is a postcolonialist concept?