Communicable diseases

  • Created by: MJAWAD15
  • Created on: 20-05-19 00:35
What are communicable diseases?
can be spread from person to person
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What are communicable diseases caused by?
microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi
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Give 2 examples of a communicable disease
Flu, HIV
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Name 2 viral diseases
Measles, HIV
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Give me some information about measles.
They are spread by droplets from an infected person cough/sneeze. Main symptoms: fever and a red sin rash. Now rare since most people are vaccinated when they are young
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How is HIV spread?
Spread by direct sexual contact with an infected person or exchange of body fluids such as when drug users share needles. Can be passed on from mother to child in breast milk.
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How is HIV caused and how can it be prevented
Attacks the immune system, destroying the WBC. Can be prevented by using a condom during sexual intercourse or by not sharing needles.
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What do antiretroviral drugs do?
Stops virus from multiplying inside the patients body and effectively stops it from attacking the immune system. Though the patient can lead a normal life expectancy and not develop AIDS, the patient must take these drugs for the rest of there life.
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Name 2 bacterial diseases
Salmonella food poisoning and Gonorrhea
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What is salmonella food poisoning?
type of bacteria that causes food poisoning and an infected person can suffer from fever, stomach cramps, diarrhea and vomiting. These symptoms are caused by the poison that the bacteria produces.
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How is Salmonella food poisoning spread and how can can it be prevented?
Eating food that has been contaminated eg food that has been prepared in unhygienic conditions or chicken that had caught the disease when alive. In the uk, most poultry are given a vaccination against SFP to control the spread of the diseas
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What is gonorrhea and what are it's symptoms?
A sexually transmitted disease/infection. Caused by bacteria and passed on by direct sexual contact with an infected person. A person may experience pain when they urinate, a green/yellow discharge from vagina/penis.
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How is gonorrhea treated and how can it be prevented?
Originally treated using anitbiotic (pencillin) but become more difficult as bacteria has become more resistant to it. It can be prevented using condoms.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi

Back

What are communicable diseases caused by?

Card 3

Front

Flu, HIV

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Measles, HIV

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

They are spread by droplets from an infected person cough/sneeze. Main symptoms: fever and a red sin rash. Now rare since most people are vaccinated when they are young

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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