Combatting Crime

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1754
Henry Fielding's death; half-brother John takes over
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1763
John Fielding secures a government grant of £600 to establish the Bow Street Horse Patrol
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1772
Establishes 'The Quarterly Pursuit'; renamed 'The Public Hue and Cry' in 1786
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1780
John Fielding's death
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1792
Middlesex Justices Act extends the Bow Street Scheme; funds 7 JPs in other areas of London who each had 6 full time runners under their command
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1798
After Colquhoun's campaign, the Thame River Police was established
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1829
London has 450 constables and 4000 watchmen to police a population of 1.2 million
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1835; 1839; 1856
Municipal Corporations Act; The Rural Police Act; The County and Borough Act
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1842
The Detective Branch (early specialisms)
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1869
The Criminal Records Office
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1878
The C.I.D
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1884
The Special Irish Branch
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1901
Fingerprinting
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1729
Thomas de Veil appointed JP in Bow Street
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1748
Henry Fielding becomes chief magistrate at Bow Street
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1751
Henry Fielding publishes 'An Enquiry into the Late Increase in Robbers', claiming that the old system of constables and watchmen did not work
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1947
Police National Training College set up; 14 weeks of basic training
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2012
The College of Police takes over responsibility for police training needs
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1919
Women first appear on the force
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1973
Women granted equal opportunities in the force
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1995
Pauline Clare becomes the first female appointed chief constable
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1910
Telegraph and radio enable the arrest of Dr Crippen
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1920s
Police telephone boxes
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1930s
Two-way radios
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1974
Police National Database PND
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1862
Met Police force grows to 7,800 men
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1882
Met Police force grows to 11,700 men
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1900
Met Police force grows to 16,000 men in 21 divisions
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1839
A second Metropolitan Police Act extends the area covered to a 15 mile radius
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1829
Met Police Act
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1996
The Police Act gave the police more power to deal with crimes such as rioting
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2002
Terrorism Act allows police to detain a suspected terrorist for 48 hours
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1982
Neighbourhood watch scheme introduced
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2002
Police community support officers introduced
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1598 and 1601
Elizabethan Poor Laws (administered by JPs)
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1663
An act of council by Charles II created the Charleys; a force of paid watchmen
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1909
Bicycles first used in the police
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1919
Police cars introduced (not widely used until 1930s)
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1930s
Police motorbikes
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1970s
Patrol cars/rapid response teams replace 'bobby on the beat'
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1980s
Police light aircraft used
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1878
CID
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1919
Flying squad (deal with serious theft; later became the central robbery squad)
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1946
Fraud squad
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1946
Dog-handing squad
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1971
Anti-terrorist branch (later formed counter terrorist command (2006) with the special branch)
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2002
National hi-tech crime unit
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1763

Back

John Fielding secures a government grant of £600 to establish the Bow Street Horse Patrol

Card 3

Front

1772

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1780

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

1792

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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