Colour Glossary

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  • Created by: Fia
  • Created on: 05-06-17 23:34
Accent Colour
Colour that is used sparingly in a room to add life to a colour scheme. Usually a brighter and more vivid colour, although it can be neutral.
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Analogous
A colour scheme which uses 2 or 3 adjacent hues on the colour wheel.
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Chroma
The intensity and purity of a colour.
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Colour family
Different shades and tints of the same colour
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Colour Palette / Colour Scheme
A group of colours that are used together within a space or room to create harmony.
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Colour Rendition
The way light, whether natural or artificial, affects the hue of a colour.
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Complimentary Colours
Opposite colours on the colour wheel.
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Contrast
The way one colour will play off of another colour. Contrast can also be the way one style or texture of a finish will play off with one another.
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Cool Colours
Colours which contain blue or green undertones and give the illusion of retreating away from the viewer are considered cool colours with cool undertones.
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Custom
An item that is specifically made to a clients specifications, regarding finish, size, colour or function. They typically have a longer lead time and aren't refundable.
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Dominant Colour
A colour that is used in the largest proportion of the room's colour scheme. E.g. walls or floor.
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Existing
An item, architectural element, applied decoration, furniture or finish that is already in a space when the project begins.
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Grayed
When a color has been made less pure or vivid by graying the color. This is done by adding gray, brown or a complementary color to the original color. Also known as neutralizing and/or muting the color.
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Hue
The pure state of a color. Intensity - The amount of lightness or darkness to a particular color.
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Monochromatic
When one color family is used in a color scheme with diverse tints and shades of that color it is considered a Monochromatic color scheme.
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Muted
When a color has been made less pure or vivid by graying the color. This is done by adding gray, brown or a complementary color to the original color. Also known as neutralizing and/or graying the color.
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Neutral
Typically neutrals are thought of as only beige, gray, black, white or off-white, however any color can be a neutral if it has been neutralized or muted and is lacking a brilliant hue.
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Neutralised
When a color has been made less pure or vivid by graying the color. This is done by adding gray, brown or a complementary color to the original color. Also known as graying and/or muting the color.
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Optical Illusion
When something appears different than it actually is. Example: Trompe de oil murals which "trick the eye" into thinking they are 3 dimensional, or when a ceiling appears higher than it is because of colors, etc. used.
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Paint Manufacturer Chip
The large "fans" of paint that have a sample of all the particular paint manufacturers shades and tints of colors available in their line of paint. Also available as individual paint chip samples at the paint store. They are an ideal reference to tak
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Patina
The mellowing of the surface of a metal object, such as bronze or copper, through a chemical reaction. It is also a paint technique that re-creates the look of naturally occurring patina through the use of paint.
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Primary Colours
Any one of the three main pigment colors on the color wheel -red, yellow or blue. Primary color can also mean the dominant color used in a rooms color scheme.
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Secondary Colour
A color created from a combination of any two of the primary colors on the color wheel. It can also mean a color that is used less than a dominant color within a rooms color scheme.
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Shade
A color which has had black added to it and is darker than its normal value.
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Spectrum
The bands of color in light. Red is the longest wavelength and violet is the shortest. The spectrum is visible when light passes through a prism.
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Tertiary Colours
A combination of two secondary colors from the color wheel.
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Tint
A color which has had white added to it and is lighter than its normal value.
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Tone
A softened color that is created when white or black are added to the pure hue, creating a tint or shade.
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Triad Colours
A color scheme based on three colors on the color wheel that are located at equal distances from each other.
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Undertone
The influence of the underlying pigment or other colors within a hue. A mouse gray has a warm undertone (yellow) and a steel gray has a cool undertone (blue).
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Value
The lightness or the darkness of a color.
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Visual
The impressions and feelings that are picked up from the sense of sight.
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Warm Colours
Colors which contain yellow or red and give the illusion of advancing toward the viewer are considered to be warm colors and to have warm undertones.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A colour scheme which uses 2 or 3 adjacent hues on the colour wheel.

Back

Analogous

Card 3

Front

The intensity and purity of a colour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Different shades and tints of the same colour

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A group of colours that are used together within a space or room to create harmony.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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