Cold War Crisis: Why was Berlin an area of crisis?

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The Refugee Problem
People in West Germany had more freedom and wealth. This led to 2.7 million moving from East to West Berlin (Brain Drain). Berlin was the easiest way to escape from the East to West..
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Khruschev and the Refugee Problem
The 'Brain Drain' proved that people preferred the West. In Nov. 58, he declared Berlin belonged to USSR and put a 6 month ultimatum in place to prevent refugees moving from the East to the West part of Berlin.
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Geneva Summit (May 1959)
Representatives from the USA and USSR met but no solution was agreed. It lay the groundwork for Khruschev to go to America for the next summit meeting.
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Camp David Summit (September 1959)
Khruschev and Eisenhower didn't agree on a solution but Khruschev did agree to withdraw his 6 month ultimatum on West Berlin.
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Paris Summit (May 1960)
U2 crisis just before the summit incresed tension (US U2 plane shot down over Russia). Khruschev walked out after Eisenhower refused to apologise for the spy plane.
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Vienna Summit (June 1961)
Khruschev saw Kennedy as a weakness and thought he could win. He put in another 6 month ultimatum for West Berlin.
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Kennedy Prepares for War
Despite the ultimatum, Kennedy refud
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Card 2

Front

Khruschev and the Refugee Problem

Back

The 'Brain Drain' proved that people preferred the West. In Nov. 58, he declared Berlin belonged to USSR and put a 6 month ultimatum in place to prevent refugees moving from the East to the West part of Berlin.

Card 3

Front

Geneva Summit (May 1959)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Camp David Summit (September 1959)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Paris Summit (May 1960)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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