Cold War flash cards

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: JacobCa
  • Created on: 05-06-16 14:33
What was the point of Yalta and Potsdam
To decide what would happen to Europe after the war, and how Germany would be divided
1 of 43
Who met at the Yalta conference?
Stalin, Roosevelt + Churchill
2 of 43
Who met at the Potsdam Conference?
Stalin, Truman + Atlee
3 of 43
What was decided at Yalta?
To split Germany into 4 zones of occupation, To allow free elections in Eastern European countries. Russia promised to join the war against Japan when Germany was defeated
4 of 43
What was decided at Potsdam?
Stalin wanted more repatreations. Truman came away angry at the fact a communist government was being built in Poland. Truman didnt tell Stalin he had the atomic bomb. Disagreements on the size of the zones in Germany.
5 of 43
Difference between Stalin and Truman?
Stalin was communist. Truman was capitalist. Both leaders saw their opposites as the poision of the world.
6 of 43
Why did Russia want to weaken Germany?
So it could create a buffer zone around it and be protected from any further wars
7 of 43
Why did the USA want to recover Germany?
So it could make it a trading partner again
8 of 43
When did Stalin Die?
9 of 43
Who took over from Stalin?
10 of 43
What was the Warsaw pact?
A group of Communist powerws that came together to help protect each other in 1955 - Like NATO
11 of 43
What was the 'Sphere of Influence'?
The term for the influence that it was agreed Russia could have over Eastern Europe
12 of 43
How did communism take over?
Controlling the armies, setting up secret police and creating fear around the areas
13 of 43
What happened by 1949?
All governments of Eastern Europe except Yugoslavia had communist regimes
14 of 43
What did Churchill state in 1946?
A 'Iron Curtain' had come down across Europe - communism had to be stopped
15 of 43
What was set up in 1947?
Comintern - a group of communist countries
16 of 43
What was the Truman Doctrine?
Basically a promise from Truman to stop the spread of communism
17 of 43
What was Marshall Aid/Plan?
The offer of money from the USA to help any countries that were under the treat of turning communist. The money would help them stay afloat
18 of 43
What did American, Britain and france do with their section of Germany?
Put it together and created West Germany
19 of 43
When did the allies split Germany?
20 of 43
When was West Germany created?
June 1948
21 of 43
When did Stalin cut all rail and road routes to West Berlin?
June 24th
22 of 43
How long did the blockade last?
318 days
23 of 43
How did supplies get to west berlin?
The allies flew them in by plane - a plane landed every 3 minutes
24 of 43
when did the blockade get abandoned?
29th May 1949
25 of 43
When was NATO set up?
26 of 43
Why did stalin shut the border between the east + west and build the berlin wall?
Because 20000 people were escaping to the west every day
27 of 43
When did Stalin shut the border between east and west for good?
13th August
28 of 43
Who overthrew Batista?
Fidel Castro
29 of 43
Why didnt America like castro?
He was communist
30 of 43
When did the bay of pigs take place?
17th April 1961
31 of 43
What happened at the bay of pigs?
The exiles got destroyed and lost the battle easily
32 of 43
Who fought in the bay of Pigs?
Cuban exiles trained by the CIA
33 of 43
When did Castro ask for his weapons from Russia?
September 1961
34 of 43
When were the missiles put in to Cuba?
The Americans found them in October 1962
35 of 43
When did the USA put missiles in Turkey?
April 1962
36 of 43
What was Kennedy's first step in the missile crisis?
Put a blockade in place to stop missiles getting there
37 of 43
What happened at the vital moment of the crisis?
A U2 spyplane was shot down over Cuba
38 of 43
What happened to the ships heading for Cuba?
They turned round
39 of 43
What did Kruschev send Kennedy?
A telegram offering to remove the missiles for removal of the blockade and a promise not to invade Cuba again
40 of 43
What did the second telegram contain?
A demand for the removal of missiles in Turkey
41 of 43
How did the crisis end?
kennedy accepted the 1st telegram in public and the 2nd in Private
42 of 43
What happened after the crisis?
both presidents scared themselves and so in 1963 a telephone hotline was set up. In 1963 the nuclear test ban treaty was signed. In 1968 the non prolifereation treaty was signed
43 of 43

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Who met at the Yalta conference?


Stalin, Roosevelt + Churchill

Card 3


Who met at the Potsdam Conference?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What was decided at Yalta?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What was decided at Potsdam?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all The Cold War resources »