Cold War

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  • Created by: Ehaksuv
  • Created on: 19-04-17 14:58
Superpower
A country who is far more economically and militarily powerful than the rest of the world.
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USA-their beliefs
The West, Capitalist country, more political freedom, higher average standard of living, opportunity for all, individuals are free to start a business and make profits
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Soviet Union- their beliefs
The East, Communist, everyone works for the state, strict censorship, fairness and equality for all, lower standard of living
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What is a Cold War?
A state of conflict between nations that does not involve direct military action but is fought using economic and political actions, propaganda against opponent, acts of spying and the development of weapons.
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What are the 5 main features of the Cold War?
Spying, Space Race, Propaganda, Loans and Aid, Arms Race
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explain key term 'Spying'
Each country had different ways of spying on the other side, they used spy planes which could fly at great heights and take photos e.g. American U2 could fly high enough to avoid being shot down.
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explain key term 'Space Race'
Both countries used their space programs to show how advanced their technology was, each side competed for success e.g. first man on the moon
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explain key term 'propaganda'
both used propaganda to create the worst possible image of the other side and to ensure the public supported the government.
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explain key term 'loans and aid'
competed to provide loans and aid to less economically developed countries and newly independent states.
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explain key term 'Arms Race'
By the 60s, both sides had enough nuclear weapons to destroy each other many times over. It was called the MAD theory
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What were some of the agreements between the USSR, USA and Britain?
all agreed to attend conferences, replace the League of Nations with the United Nations-world peace, ANGLO-AMERICAN military landing in France (D-DAY)
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What were some of the tensions between the USSR, USA and Britain?
Possibility of splitting Germany up was discussed but no final agreement, 4500 bodies found in Katyn Wood Poland (proof of USSR being responsible), each leader wanted different things, Stalin wanted D-Day attack earlier
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When was the Teheran Conference?
November-December 1943
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Who were the leaders involved in this Conference?
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
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Give 2 key features of the Teheran Conference.
The USSR agreed to join the USA in Japan, The creation of United Nations for World Peace
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When was the Yalta Conference?
February 1945
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Who were the leaders involved?
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
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What did the 3 leaders agree on?
To divide Germany into four zones, to divide Berlin in the same way, Soviets would enter the war against Japan once Germany had surrendered, to hunt down Nazi War criminals in an international court of justice
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What did the 3 leaders disagree on?
On how much Germany was to pay in reparations, about Poland-Stalin wanted Polish/German borders to be further to the West
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When was the Potsdam Conference?
July 1945
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Who were the leaders at Potsdam?
Atlee, Truman and Stalin
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Why had the leaders changed?
Roosevelt had died and Churchill lost the general election
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What had changed at Potsdam (besides leaders)?
WW2 was nearly over (Hitler dead), Stalin broke his promise to allow free elections in Eastern Europe.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The West, Capitalist country, more political freedom, higher average standard of living, opportunity for all, individuals are free to start a business and make profits

Back

USA-their beliefs

Card 3

Front

The East, Communist, everyone works for the state, strict censorship, fairness and equality for all, lower standard of living

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A state of conflict between nations that does not involve direct military action but is fought using economic and political actions, propaganda against opponent, acts of spying and the development of weapons.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Spying, Space Race, Propaganda, Loans and Aid, Arms Race

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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