Cold War

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Marshall Plan
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
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Berlin Wall
1961 the soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin
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Containment Policy
Established by the Truman administration in 1947 to contain Soviet influence to what it was at the at the end of World War 2
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Berlin Airlift
Planes flew in food, fuel and other supplies to 2 million Berliners during the berlin blockade.
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Relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
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Domino Theory
Political theory that if one nation comes under Communist control the neighboring nations will also come under Communist control.
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Nation politically and economically dominated or controlled by another more powerful country.
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North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country US/England/France/Canada/Western/European countries.
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A Soviet policy allowing more open discussion of political and social issues, as well as more widespread news and info.
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Arms Race
Cold War competition between the US and Soviet Union to build up their respective armed forces/weapons.
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Division of Germany
1947 Germany got divided into 4 zones controlled by the US, Great Britian, France/Russia.
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Korean War
The Cold War conflict in which UN soldiers fought to defend South Korea from takeover by Communist North Korea, ending stalemate in 1953.
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Cuban Missile Crisis
1962- US and Soviet Union came close to nuclear war/ 42 missiles had secretly deployed in Cuba.
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Warshaw Pact
Treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain.
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Yalta Conference
1945 Meeting with US president FDR, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Stalin during WW11
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Restructuring of the Soviet Government and the economy in the 1980s.
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Berlin Blockade
The Blockade was a Soviet attempt to starve out the allies In Berlin in order to gain supremacy.
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United Nations
An organization od independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security.
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Nikita Khruschev
Served as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964 -Responsible for De-stalinization of the USSR.
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Fidel Castro
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba. Born 1927.
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Weapons of mass destruction
Nuclear, Chemical and Biological weapons that can kill thousands at once.
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Bays of Pigs Invasion
Failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by US, Landed at the Bay of Pigs.
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Card 2


Berlin Wall


1961 the soviet Union built a high barrier to seal off their sector of Berlin

Card 3


Containment Policy


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Card 4


Berlin Airlift


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Card 5




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